Using the occlusion of environment to get ideal light
- Dec 11, 2019
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Practical essentials: understand the basic operation points of portrait shooting, preliminarily understand the top light and backlight shooting ideas, and combine with the actual shooting scene to find a new perspective and shoot personalized works.
● aperture: f2.8 ● shutter speed: 1 / 1000s ● focal length: 24mm ● sensitivity: 320 ● exposure compensation: ev0
It is often said that photography is the art of light. Therefore, in the process of shooting a beautiful portrait, making full use of all kinds of artificial and natural light has become the primary consideration. It can be said that one of the main tricks of photography is to "follow the light". This chapter will analyze how to effectively and creatively use the light and shadow in the outdoor shooting, and lay the foundation for the next chapter's actual combat through the examples of live shooting. In the process of photographing environmental portraits, gradually cultivate a consciousness, so that each work can reflect a unique light and shadow interest, light is changing, it will not appear repeatedly, and grasping the light will make your work have the unique characteristics that can not be copied. Ingenious use of natural occlusion to control the noon top light
The shooting time is at noon. It needs to avoid the direct sunlight and shoot in the shade of the tree, effectively avoiding the strong light. The forehead of the model has a light spot which is shot through the leaves, creating an interesting point of interest. The light passes through the leaves, creating a bright, warm yellow effect.
In the process of shooting, attention should be paid to the emotional guidance of the model. The quiet atmosphere of warm afternoon time and the quiet temperament of the protagonist complement each other. In this work, the focus of the model's eyes is first measured. When there is a focus prompt, half press the shutter, pan the lens for re & nbsp; new composition shooting.
Shooting in the shade of trees can not only effectively avoid the strong light, but also let the light through the leaves shine on the face of the characters, forming an interesting spot ● aperture: f2.8 ● shutter speed: 1 / 800s ● focal length: 70mm ● sensitivity: 200 ● exposure compensation: ev0
Mottled light and shadow are the characteristics that should be grasped at any time when shooting in this period. We should develop a high sensitivity to light and shadow. In complex scenes, we should skillfully use the required light and shadow effects to avoid the negative effects caused by bad light and shadow.
Observing the shadow distribution at the foot of the model, we can see that she stands in the shadow area, so that the top light of noon is covered by the shade of trees, forming uniform light on her face, and not far behind, is the mottled spot area, highlighting the light and shadow characteristics of this period. This is the flexible application of light and shadow in different areas. The distant green leaves show bright yellow due to the illumination of the top light, which increases the brightness and pleasure of the picture.
Flexible application of light and shadow can better highlight the environment of the person and the light characteristics of the shooting time period ● aperture: f2.8 ● shutter speed: 1 / 100s ● focal length: 35mm ● sensitivity: 100 ● exposure compensation: EV + 0.3
Let the model completely in the shadow, and a little light on the top of her head can effectively highlight her from the environment. The shade edge in the distance and the bright area on the street increase the light and shadow interest of the picture ● aperture: f2.8 ● shutter speed: 1 / 1600s ● focal length: 46mm ● sensitivity: 320 ● exposure compensation: ev0
Searching for light and shadow interest points in low light area
In the picture, the face of the model is directly illuminated by the sun, although it is only a small highlight area, but because the overall environment is weak light shadow, this small area forms a very obvious visual attention point and interest point in the overall picture.
The focus starting point of this work is on the nose of the model, which is the bright position of the light dark junction, so you can get a more accurate focus. At this time, if the eye is focused, it is difficult to focus accurately because it is in the weak light area. Eyes and nose are very close to each other in the focus plane, so the nose is clear, and the eyes can be basically clear. This is a solution when it is not easy to focus according to the eyes in weak light or strong light. There will be specific applications in the later actual combat.
Because the focus light measuring position is the face of the model, which is under the direct illumination of the light. When the camera takes this strong light area as the basis of exposure light measuring, it will automatically set this bright area to the exposure value of the middle gray. Therefore, if the camera takes photos according to the automatic light measuring value, the whole picture will be under exposed. At this time, by increasing the exposure compensation of 0.3, the screen exposure can be balanced and the dark part of the screen can get more exposure.
When shooting in low light environment, the exposure compensation can be increased to make people get accurate exposure ● aperture: f2.8 ● shutter speed: 1 / 2000s ● focal length: 70mm ● sensitivity: 320 ● exposure compensation: ev0
Create interesting light ratio and enrich picture composition
This is a typical work of using shade to get ideal light contrast.
Carefully observe the shadow under the model's feet. The model is actually standing at the junction of the shade and the light area. This is deliberately arranged. In this way, the hair and back of the model are illuminated by the sun, while the face is in the soft light covered by the shade of the tree, which not only gets the soft face light, but also gets the sunlight on the body, and gets the bright mottled light effect, which makes the picture have a comfortable light contrast. At the same time, using the angle of overhead shooting, the model's tall figure is highlighted.
When shooting, use flash to pull out the reflector, and use ETTL to fill the light, so that the model's face can be slightly filled with light, to avoid the problem of too dark due to the figure in the shadow.
The flash light reflector is very weak, and it can supplement the light for people, but also subtly balance the light ratio of the picture ● aperture: f2.8 ● shutter speed: 1 / 1600s ● focal length: 24mm ● sensitivity: 320 ● exposure compensation: ev0
The original intention of this work is to let the model raise his head, but through the light spot illuminated by the leaves, the model's face is cut very unsightly. So instead, let the model lower his head. The gray stone ground has played a role in supplementing the light to a certain extent, and obtained a soft and delicate surface lighting effect.
In the actual shooting, using the field environment can also achieve very good light compensation effect ● aperture: f2.8 ● shutter speed: 1 / 500s ● focal length: 60mm ● sensitivity: 320 ● exposure compensation: ev0