Twenty Portrait Photography Compositions Necessary for Beginners
- Oct 23, 2019
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1. Use a concise background to highlight people
3. Selecting large aperture to obtain shallow depth of field
As mentioned earlier, the larger the aperture (e.g. f/1.8, f/2.4), the smaller the aperture value, the shallower the field depth; the smaller the aperture (e.g. f/18, f/22), the larger the aperture value, the greater the field depth. In order to obtain shallow depth of field photographs, the first consideration should be to use a large aperture for photography. Large aperture plays a very important role in portrait photography. It can get the beautiful visualization effect of shallow depth of field. At the same time, it can also help us to ensure higher shutter speed in the case of poor environmental light.
4. Get shallow depth of field close to the subject
In order to get shallow depth of field and make the background virtual, the simplest way is to keep the distance between the model and the background unchanged, and let the camera close to the model. This can easily get the effect of shallow depth of field. The characters are prominent, and the background is also naturally virtual. When shooting, it should be noted that the foreground should not be a messy scene, because when the camera is close to the model, the foreground will also show clearly in the picture.
5. Get shallow depth of field by keeping the background away from the subject
6. Three-Dimensional Composition to Make Characters Visual Centers
7. Curve Composition Method to Express Female Body Flexibility
Curve composition can be divided into S-shaped composition and C-shaped composition. When taking female portraits, they often use S-shaped or C-shaped compositions to express their body's tenderness and sexuality. The most commonly used is S-shaped composition, C-shaped composition in the performance of women's soft figure also has a good performance effect, but relative to S-shaped composition is weaker. Usually when a woman of good stature stands naturally, she can get a beautiful S-shaped curve from the side, and if she takes a positive angle, she needs to tilt her body slightly. In addition to these two angles, we can also form more sexy S-shaped curves by lying on the ground.
8. The Diagonal Composition Method of Stretching Character's Body Aesthetic Sense
Diagonal composition is often used in portrait photography. When the figure's posture or limb movements appear in the screen obliquely and occupy enough space, oblique composition is formed.
9. Triangular Composition for Displaying the Sense of Stability
Triangle composition is a typical form of composition in portrait photography, which can be divided into three types: regular triangle, inverted triangle and oblique triangle. When shooting, a triangle is formed by using the body or gesture of the subject. This composition has a strong sense of stability and upward impact. As the visual center, the face of a person is usually located at the top of the triangle.
11. Vertical portraits
Vertical picture is also a vertical rectangle composition, which stretches up and down. This picture pattern is also a common way of composition for portrait shooting. Vertical pictures emphasize more on the vertical factors in the picture, as well as the vertical depth of the picture. This kind of picture can be used for both Full-Body Portraits and half-body portraits.
12. Looking down and taking portraits
Top angle shooting means that the camera lens is above the normal horizon and shoots the object from the top down. When shooting a character from this angle, the body of the character will be compressed, resulting in large and small deformations. The head will be exaggerated and the body part will be reduced, so the character will be more lovely and witty. If the angle between the face and the camera is less than 90 degrees, it will be easy to take pictures of beautiful women with small faces, and the eyes will look larger than usual.
Looking down is also a common angle of "Sleeping Beauty" shooting. When shooting, attention should be paid to making the picture close to high-profile.
13. Look up and shoot portraits
Looking up photography means that the camera is below the person being photographed and shoots from bottom to top. Picture effect has the effect of exaggerating height, and space perspective effect is more intense. When taking a portrait, the lower part of the body near the lens becomes larger, while the face farther away from the lens is reduced. The portraits taken from this angle usually look taller, taller and slender than usual, so this angle can be used to show a man's perseverance or a woman's slender posture.
14. Rendering the Atmosphere of the Picture by Using Environmental Legacy
White space can make the picture more comfortable and natural in vision. Photographers can use white space to better control the rhythm and mood of the picture, foil the artistic conception, leave more imagination space for the viewer, so that the viewer's viewpoint remains in the picture while the emotion is full of its extension.
In portrait photography, as the main body, the portrait should be arranged in the most attractive position in the picture, such as near the golden section point. When composing a picture, leave some space for the viewer to imagine.
15. Spatial Sense of the Extended Picture with White Space in the Direction of View of the Character
16. Expressing Character Temperament with Accompaniment
17. Vision represents people and environment
The characteristics of the long-range picture are large space, multi-level scenery, short main body image and many foil scenery, which can fully express the environment in a large range. To a large extent, shooting vision is to show the overall momentum of the picture, as mentioned in the painting theory, "take the momentum from afar", so the photographer should focus on the big picture and win with momentum. In portrait photography, the vision covers the whole body, including the foot of the subject, and the background environment is very large. When shooting, both characters and background environment can be properly represented. But special attention should be paid to the collocation between characters and backgrounds.
18. The mid-view shows the characters'facial expressions and gestures
The mid-range portrait shoots images above the knee. In addition to expressing the facial expressions of the characters, it also pays more attention to the hand movements of the characters. When shooting, attention should be paid to the pose of the subjects, so as to further show the inner state of the subjects. Using mid-range photography, the space area of the picture is further expanded, which is conducive to the expression of the body of the characters, and the composition is also more varied. When shooting mid-range portraits, we should also pay attention to the facial expression of the subject.
19. Close-range scenes show facial expressions of characters
Close-range portraits usually shoot images above the waist, which can make readers have a strong impression of the subject. It should be noted that it is better to use medium and long focal lenses to avoid possible perspective distortion, and also to play a role in the visualization of the background to beautify the picture. Close-range is conducive to the expression of the characters'facial expressions. When shooting, the eyes of the subject can be highlighted. The eyes are the windows of the soul. Eye communication is a way of communication and expression. Describing infectious eyes can make the viewer deeply understand the instantaneous expressions and emotions of the characters, and better produce resonance.
20. Close-up scenery shows the body parts of the characters
Close-ups are one of the favorite shooting methods for many portrait photographers. Although shooting close-ups seems simple, there are many ways to choose the composition and portrait parts. For example, the common way of shooting close-ups is to shoot people's faces, mainly showing eyes and lips. In addition, it can also focus on other parts of the portrait, such as hands, feet, legs, buttocks and so on. Obviously, the part of close-up will give different atmosphere to the picture. Now in commercial portrait advertisements, there are often hand models, foot models, leg models, breast models. When shooting these models, the most commonly used scenery is close-up.