Trisection and Tingzi Composition in Landscape Photography
- Oct 17, 2019
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The word composition, typed in Google search will run out of a series of websites, a series of online articles must make you confused, the reader may click on each link a little, see, have a read to continue to read, do not understand to go back to the previous page, continue to click on the next one. The next one may be read or not understand, then go back to the previous page and click on the next one. Maybe you can understand a little. Maybe the more you read, the more vague you will be. Maybe the most important thing you can see is to go to Zhou Gong Xia Qi.
If Google search is changed to search for the image of the two words "composition", the highest probability of occurrence must be the golden ratio (not the golden ratio XD of Qingyu) and the Jingzi composition. The so-called gold ratio is 1:1.618.
The beginning of composition is proportional relation.
When we view the scene through the "viewing window", we press the shutter to record the image by the "photosensitive element". The ratio of length to width of the viewing window to the photosensitive element is exactly 2:3, which is similar to the ratio of gold to 1:1.618. Therefore, the ratio of gold to photography is closely related.
_Sensitive element is 2:3, which is close to the gold ratio of 1:1.618. The author draws the blueprint directly on the photosensitive elements for your reference.
Composition is everything?
Composition does not necessarily determine everything in a photograph, but composition is the first step to take a photograph. Composition is the beginning of photography. Photography is the combination of various training, including the basis of personal aesthetics, the cultivation of aesthetic sense, the collocation of color and the understanding of light, and good composition plus correct exposure can achieve a photograph.
Composition refers to the elements that make up an image. Elements may be the rules of the arrangement of scenery, the size ratio of objects, the color contrast or the directionality of visual extension. Simply speaking, they are the combination of images. Apart from the basic principles of photography such as aperture, shutter and exposure, composition is the most important spirit of photography. The quality of composition affects the sense of balance, space and proportionality of photographs. The proportion of composition can be pinched appropriately or even extended to create imagination space beyond photographs.
The three rule
_The most basic diagram of tripartite composition.
Well-shaped composition is an extension of the rule of three-thirds and the golden ratio. & nbsp; the intention of using the three-point rule and the well-typed composition in photography is to make the subject separate from the center of the picture and redistribute the layout so as to increase the interest of the picture. & nbsp; Experience tells me that the most comfortable visual effect is to divide the picture into one-third and two-thirds of the states according to the rules. & nbsp; divides the image into one-third and two-thirds along imaginary lines, which can be horizontal, vertical or diagonal.
The three-point rule and the well-typed composition are most commonly used in landscape photography. Although they seem to be mathematical rules, the visual effects of balanced distribution of pictures can be created by making proper use of such composition rules to obtain rich and varied pictures. & nbsp; making good use of the three-point rule and well-typed composition to make the picture balanced is an important learning course to establish correct aesthetic choices in photography. & nbsp; properly use it to make the image escape from too static and complex feeling.
Appropriate allocation of pictures
After learning the three-point rule, we know that the basic composition is actually a principle of proportional distribution. Through the ingenious arrangement of the photographer, in addition to balancing the picture, more accurate composition can make the picture more harmonious. & nbsp; try to look at the following picture:
_In addition to dividing the sky and landscape into one-third and two-thirds by the rule of three-thirds, the highest peak in the picture happens to be one-third of the left side of the picture. The total height of the road curve extending from the bottom left is also nearly two-thirds, and the end of the road disappearing is also close to one-third of the right side of the picture.
_Remove the virtual lines added to the picture above and use the road (rail) to divide the screen, you will find that the landscape of arrow bamboo is also one third. & nbsp; the cloud sea below the mountain is about one third between the road and the sky above the cloud sea is also about one third. & nbsp; even though these factors are abstract in the photos, careful scrutiny shows that there is a reasonable order and organization in the photos.
In fact, the details of these compositions are only rough guidelines. & Nbsp: When taking a picture, you usually have to think, "What's the most important thing? ". Think again about what to match? & nbsp; what is it to shoot? & nbsp; the so-called shooting is usually the subject, the scope of the subject is not always directly all in the photos, and the matching is usually produced by the perspective or extended scenery.
_We use this photo as an illustrative example.
_Viewed from the above photo, the plant lines in the foreground point to a vanishing point, together with the line descriptions, these hidden indicators can be identified.
_If a horizontal dashed line is drawn on the horizon and one third of the right side of the picture, the visual vanishing point can be more clearly pointed out.
_Setting up the well-shaped lines can clearly see the distribution principle of the picture.
When shooting scenery, the horizon or horizontal line is usually used to cut the proportion of the picture to the distribution, and the upper or lower third of the composition of the horizon alignment is taken. & nbsp; for the shooting of people and ecology, the subject is placed on both sides of the composition of the photograph, so that the picture can have a sense of direction or dynamic. & nbsp; put the theme away from the center of the picture, you can add a sense of direction with the picture vision.
_In the above example, the cyclist is placed in the lower right corner because he is moving towards the vanishing point of the picture.
Familiarity with Rules and Freedom from Restrictions
Trichotomy and Jingzi composition are only the basic practice and application of landscape photography composition, not necessarily in every photography or starting composition, must adhere to these norms. & nbsp; if you have to apply all the shooting pictures on your own, it will become a shackle to the invisible. & nbsp; however, the basic principles of proportional distribution and direction guidance still apply to all shooting processes. & nbsp; remember to keep an ordinary mind. When taking pictures, think more, see more and listen more, but don't let "thinking about how to compose" become a problem for yourself.
The following picture shows neither a half reflection nor an object in a third position. Instead, everything slightly deviates from the third or the center, and there is no example on the right.
If you are a student studying, the knowledge that the teacher teaches in class is bound to be the rule to follow before you have made clear all the rules. & nbsp; but if you are a free and creative artist, you will feel that all the rules restrict your creation. Rules are like a cage that confines you to a narrow space. & nbsp; however, all rules will be broken when proficient. & nbsp; this is to use learning and time to release the inner rebellion. & nbsp; that is to say, as long as you want to make a breakthrough, it may be a good opportunity.
One of the core principles of the rule of thirds is that it is not ideal to place the subject at the center of the picture. & nbsp; but if you want to emphasize the symmetry of the picture, using one-half of the composition to contrast the club, it is an irreproachable choice.
Similarly, in many other cases, it may be a negligible rule, rather than a vague use of its three-thirds principle. For example, you may want to unbalance your subject and deliberately create a disharmonious picture.
_The boat in the lower right corner is designed to balance the weight of sunrise in the upper left corner. If the boat is removed from the composition, the weight of the whole picture will shift to the left and lose the balance of the picture.
The important meaning of composition principle is to familiarize oneself with the principle and then understand the rules, and finally to use the rules to get rid of the restrictions.