Three tips to improve your landscape photos
- Oct 25, 2019
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Landscape photography is not much different from other types of photography. The main improvements we can talk about include three main directions: composition, techniques and equipment. Now let's talk about what we should pay attention to in these three directions.
Landscape photography often needs to incorporate a large amount of environmental content into the photograph, so it is the most basic and important element to use different composition methods to arrange the subject matter in the photograph.
1. Tripartite Composition
Tripartite composition is a very traditional method of composition, which mainly divides photos into three equal parts (top-down/left-right), and then arranges different environmental content in different parts. In the above photos, we can see that the sky, mountains and wilderness are arranged in three parts from top to bottom.
2. Central Composition
Arrange the theme in the center of the photo. It is better to pay attention to the background outside the subject in order to highlight the subject better. The picture above places the salted egg yolk in the center of the photo, and uses a bridge as a simple guide line to extend the viewer's vision along the bridge all the way to the intoxicating sunset.
3. Diagonal composition
Usually we take horizontal horizon or horizon when shooting scenery, but we can also try to show other scenery themes in the form of diagonal line (of course, do not cause the camera gesture error to appear tilted sense), so that the viewer's eyes move along the line, foil the aesthetic feeling of the main line.
4. Extreme composition
Get out of the box of traditional composition methods and make themes only a small part of the composition. It is very helpful to deduce the atmosphere of the environment.
5. Prospect, Mid-range and Background
Three-part composition of the change version, the layout of environmental content is not top-down or bottom-up, but from front to back, making the photo more perspective and spatial sense. It can be seen that the aircraft, clouds, sky and boat, sea and sky above are arranged in the foreground, middle and background respectively.
Landscape photography is not like portrait photography. We can't ask the sun to rise a little and the cloud to move a little. So when we shoot the scenery, we need to understand the operation of our own camera and be good at observing the changes of the environment. We can exert infinite creativity in the limited frame.
1. slow shutter
Flows, clouds, stars, wind-blown leaves and other subjects are moving slowly in nature and may not be perceived by the naked eye. Move the camera to the slow shutter and feel the traces of the flow of natural forces with the naked eye. Pay attention to long exposure or need to cooperate with a dimmer to avoid overexposure.
2. Pay attention to shooting time and angle
Usually three hours after sunrise or three hours after sunset is a good time to shoot, because the light at this time is relatively soft, and the photos taken will not have very deep shadow and stiff feeling like those taken at noon.
In addition, the same place at different times, different angles will also have different scenery, different deductive methods. Landscape photography requires in-depth exploration of the shooting environment as well as the understanding of camera operation.
The single most important component of a camera is the twelve inches behind it. - Ansel Adams. But we can't deny that a good camera can make it easier for users to get good pictures. Besides cameras and lenses, some small accessories also play an important role in landscape shooting!
1. full picture
The advantages of full-frame camera in landscape shooting are that it can shoot at a wide angle, have a higher dynamic range (light and dark can retain more details) and have a higher anti-noise ability. This is very reliable for users who pursue the texture of meticulous photos.
(The left picture is a picture without a filter, and the right picture is a picture taken after using a polarizer)
Make good use of different filters in landscape photography. For long exposures, you will need a ND filter. For large optical aberrations, you will need a Graduated ND filter. To reduce the reflections on the surface of water or other objects, or to take pictures of blue sky, you will need a C-PL (circular polarizer).
Adequate sunlight allows you to take excellent pictures, but the light entering the lens from the edge of the lens has the opportunity to lay a layer of white fog on your photos. At this point you will need a lens mask to prevent this kind of shine.
(The left side is the case without a shade; the right side is the case with a shade)
Landscape photography has a lot of knowledge, it is not a single article can be summarized, and there are no established rules. Therefore, in addition to studying the teaching of words, it is also very important to appreciate the works of others and find creative inspiration.