The secret of making the scenery more exquisite: Gradient Mirror + Dimmer Mirror
- Oct 24, 2019
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Aiming at the shoreline to show the shoreline's brilliance, using the technique of slow door to shoot the seascape, the endless waves under the effect of slow door can be transformed into dreamlike clouds or solidified into continuous filaments, which will make some dull scenes look much more interesting. It needs to be used to shoot such scenes. Here are some ingenious uses of commonly used filters.
Dimmer, slow down anytime, anywhere
The commonly used specifications for gray mirror on the market are ND8, ND16, ND32, ND64, ND400 and ND1000, which correspond to reducing exposure levels of 3, 4, 5, 6, 8.5 and 10 gears respectively. The dimmers on sale in the market are divided into circular and square inserts according to their shapes. From the use effect, the circular lens rotates to the lens like a UV lens, which is closely combined with the lens and almost no leakage. The square inserts need to be installed in front of the lens through the filter rack. Although the installation and replacement are convenient and quick, the dimmer lens is still available. There are always some gaps between the film and the lens, and there are some light leakage phenomena when exposed for a long time. There is also a special adjustable dimmer on the market. The adjustable range is ND2-ND400. In practice, ND400 and ND1000 are black when they are installed with lenses because of their relatively high optical series. This will certainly affect your shooting. Therefore, when using high-gear dimmers, it is necessary to arrange the composition in advance, and then screw or insert the dimmer. Here I recommend some good filter brands, such as B + W, HOYA or Gaojian.
Grey gradient mirror = in GND is divided into soft gradient and hard gradient. Soft gradient and hard gradient are commonly used at 0.6, 0.9 and 1.2 levels. The effect of gray partial occlusion of lens is equivalent to 2, 3 and 4 blocks of light attenuation. From the point of view of use, 0.9 level is the most frequently used. The grey gradient mirror in RGND, commonly known as reverse gradient, is a special lens. The darkest part of the grey is at the junction of black and white. The grey gradually decreases from the middle to the edge. This filter is most suitable for use when the sunrise and sunset are near sea level. Gradient lenses also have discs and square inserts. Because the discs are fixed on the lens, it is almost impossible to adjust the area to be darkened flexibly. It is recommended to use square inserts. This is very flexible in composition, and it is convenient to adjust which area to be darkened. If the wide-angle end is 16-18 mm in size, it is recommended that the gradient mirror should be at least 100X125 mm in size so that there will be no dark angle or shield. Considering the need of sometimes vertical composition, it is better to use the gradient filter of 100x150 mm in size.
ND32, ND16 (top), ND64, ND400, ND8 (bottom)
Reverse Gradient, 0.6 Soft, 0.9 Soft, 1.2 Soft
Slow Door Film Set
Ingenious combination, creative shooting
The shutter is an element of exposure combination. Aperture and sensitivity are the other two elements. Everyone who has some knowledge of scenery photography knows that the time of taking scenery is between F11-F16, and ISO100 has the best image quality. So the setting of the two elements of aperture and sensitivity is the best. Basically can be fixed, with the help of the filter set different shutters, so that spray under different shutters show different postures, so before shooting, to determine how many shutters you want. From my experience of photographing the slow door of sea view, the shutter is fixed in 1/15 seconds to 1 second, the waves show a filamentous shape, more than ten seconds, the waves are silky (similar to cotton), more than 30 seconds can be basically atomized. To illustrate the use of ND and GND with some examples, this picture was taken about 20 minutes after sunset. Although the sky still has sunset red, the sea surface is already very dark. The sea surface exposure combination measured by the machine is F16, 30, ISO 100, the sky exposure combination is F16, 3, ISO 100, the sky and sea surface have. Three-level multi-light ratio difference, and then use 0.9 soft gradient to balance the sky-sea light ratio, so that the remaining sunshine is not exposed, so that the underwater beach texture is not dead black.
Control shutter speed with ND mirror alone
This is a typhoon rainy day spray wire drawing. In this scenario, the light ratio between the sky and the sea is basically balanced, so GND can not be used, but for spray wire drawing, the shutter should be kept at 1 second, while the combination of field light exposure is F14, 1/8, ISO 100, plus ND8, reducing three shields, the shutter is exactly 1 second.
Combination of ND and GND to Control Shutter Speed and Equilibrium Light Ratio
This is a sunset scene. Although the sun is setting, there is still a large light ratio between the sky and the sea. The exposure combinations of the sea surface are measured in the field light machine: F16, 1/2, ISO 100. The exposure combinations measured in the sky are: F16, 1/16, ISO 100. There is a four-stop light ratio difference between the sky and the sea, so the GND of 1.2 (minus four-stop light) is used to balance. The light ratio between heaven and earth, in order to atomize the waves, the shutter takes at least 30 seconds and needs to be reduced by six shields, so we have to add ND64 dimmer, so that the combination of ND and GND filters can show the scene according to the desired effect.
Rational composition and good use of prospects
According to the traditional principle of photographic composition, i.e. three-part principle, sea level is taken as a reference, paying special attention to the level. Because of the habit of looking at the sea, the tilted sea level will disturb the balance of cerebellum and make people feel uncomfortable. As for whether the sea level is one third or two-thirds, it depends on the specific situation. For example, if we want to highlight the performance prospects, we can make the prospects account for two-thirds. When there is a perfect sunset or sunset reflection, it can break the conventional composition. Photographing the sea has its particularity, that is, where the sea vision is the same, so the prospect becomes very important. With a good prospect, half of the success will be achieved. With the cooperation of weather and clouds, it must be a wonderful film.
Wind Cloud Changing Mobile Cloud
Familiar with tides and weather
In the northern hemisphere summer, there are ocean monsoon, the days of blue sky and white clouds will be more and more, the air is permeable, the clouds are beautiful, at this time to the seaside, whether traveling or shooting, is the best time. In addition, the ocean also has its particularity, that is, the tide, which has a great impact on the photography of sea scenery, such as the use of prospects.
Careful preparation, careful shooting
Before shooting, the most important job is to step on the spot. Slow door shooting mostly focuses on the time of dawn and dusk. That is to say, when dawn is over, when dusk is back, it is difficult to find the shooting point in the middle of the night if you don't step on it well in advance. It is recommended to carry flashlights, traceable shoes, mosquito repellent liquid, etc.
Recommendation of seascape shooting sites in Dapeng Peninsula, Shenzhen
Xichong Dapeng Peninsula's most beautiful beach in Xichong, the most beautiful reefs are also in Xichong, from Xichong old highway to the top of the hill, the top of the hill built a small parking lot, black rock corner is below, more than 100 meters high, steep slope, road is difficult, can only photograph sunrise, so can only touch the darkness at midnight.
Although Dameisha and Xiaomeisha are famous for their beach baths, along with the construction of coastal leisure belts in Shenzhen in recent years, the greenways and leisure sightseeing trestles on both sides of Dameisha and Xiaomeisha baths have been perfected. Now it is very convenient to take seascapes on the trestles.
Magic Scene of Xichong Black Rock Corner
Dameisha wedding dress shooting spot
Shenzhen Bay, Shenzhen Bay, because of its convenient transportation in the city, is also a favorite place for photographers, but Shenzhen Bay is a mud beach, no reefs, no too many elements can be used as prospects. Fortunately, in the mangrove section, some trees and stakes can be incorporated into the composition to make prospects, and fish cages on the beach can also be considered as prospects. 。
The Sailiao Bay is one of the cleanest bays in the middle sea water of hundreds of kilometers in eastern Guangdong. In addition to a class of water and sandy beach, the soft and white sand on the beach contains 99% silicon. It has the reputation of "Heaven-bestowed White Sandbank". This is a bay which belongs to Huidong recently from Shenzhen. The beach is flat and the lines are beautiful, because facing the west, it is very convenient to take sunsets in time, and it is also a favorite spot for photographers.
Trees and Piles of Mangrove in Shenzhen Bay
Sandbanks formed after ebb tide