Every New Year, it is estimated that everyone's itinerary is fully arranged. The whole family shares a rich New Year's Eve dinner, visiting relatives, watching movies, going to flower shops, setting off fireworks and lighting firecrackers, and Lantern Festival, etc. On these occasions, digital cameras have become a necessary weapon for recording and spending New Year's festivals with family and friends.
As a photography enthusiast, you would like to shoot these scenes more perfectly. But many people after the Spring Festival, look at the pictures taken during the festival and find that there are many problems, many wonderful moments have not been recorded. Today, I will introduce to you the four most frequently shot scenes in the Spring Festival, hoping to help you shoot the Spring Festival.
1. Take a family photo
As the most memorable picture of a family, family photos are taken on New Year's Day. Can you use your camera to take pictures worth cherishing for a lifetime? Here's how to take a family photo easily and help you record the picture permanently.
Use flash carefully to avoid dark light
It is easy to make the subject red when taking a group photograph indoors, especially in the dark environment when shooting with flash. The use of flash makes the already dim scene more dim, and the effect of the shooting can be imagined. So we should turn off the flash, change to a bright scene and improve ISO sensitivity. Large apertures and slower shutters can also be used for shooting.
Use flash carefully when shooting indoors
Ensuring Exposure by Point Photometry
In the dark background environment, the background light is darker than the person. If we use the camera's global photometric mode to shoot, we will lose a large part of the details because of the overbrightness. Therefore, we had better choose point photometry mode for shooting, and put the photometry point on the face of the person in order to make the exposure accuracy of the whole subject.
Point photometric mode is the best choice for dark background environment.
Using Triangle Composition to Film Family Fortune
In many cases, for example, when the number of people shooting is relatively large, people can be divided into several rows to shoot. Note that the number of people in each row is not the same. The commonly used triangular composition in composition can be used to lay out the shooting structure. People can be arranged into triangles or inverted triangles, so that the picture is more neat and comfortable.
Triangle composition makes the picture more stable
Pay attention to snapping wonderful moments
The purpose of family happiness is to reflect the warmth and harmony of the whole family, even if it is not a regular stand in front of the camera shooting can also take a warm family happiness. Attention can be paid to the scene of family eating or chatting, taking the elders as the center to photograph the family with a brilliant smile. However, snapping is still a bit difficult, so it requires a lot of practice by photographers, and good at discovering will definitely capture the perfect family photo scene.
High-speed shutter is needed for snapping instantaneous
Make room for the background
Head and body full of pictures can easily create a very monotonous feeling. Pay attention to the discovery of background can match with the main foreground to give you unexpected gains. For example, when you are playing in the field, you should pay attention to the use of the background, which can leave room for your memories. Why not?
Make the picture more comfortable by leaving space in composition
Be good at using props in hand
Props also have a good coordination effect for reflecting people's ideas. Photo studio will also properly prepare some props for the characters when shooting photo portraits. When shooting New Year's photo portraits, you can take out the couplets of the atmosphere of the New Year to foil the feeling of joy.
Small props can increase the festive atmosphere
Select scenarios using manual white balance
Although automatic white balance is very useful, it needs to be adjusted to manual white balance to shoot in many scenes. For example, when the color of some lights is yellow, the color of the lights will affect the white balance. This is not enough for automatic white balance, so we need to adjust to manual white balance for shooting.
It is important to adjust the white balance according to the scene.
Shooting from several different perspectives
Angle of view also has a great impact on the effect of shooting. Regular photography and family photos can no longer meet people's appreciation level. So it's better to change the perspective and use a new perspective and way to layout and shoot. For example, you can shoot by looking up or looking down, which can also clearly depict the expression of the characters.
Creative shapes can also add interest to photographs.
2. Clap a table of delicacies
During the Spring Festival, all kinds of meals are also necessary. So how to make delicious food? Record the delicious food on the table before eating, and look through the pictures after the festival to recall the warm atmosphere at that time.
Finding the Best Light Source
The light problem is a big problem for indoor food shooting. Many indoor restaurants are not bright, and the color is yellow, which will make the whole picture too noisy, underexposed or white balance deviate. The food photographed is not as attractive as the naked eye looks.
Shadow is also the enemy of indoor food photography. When the camera is near, its own shadow is also reflected on the food. Professional photographers can use reflectors or artificial light sources to solve this problem. And when we shoot everyday, the best way is to adjust a variety of shooting angles.
Photographing food indoors requires lowering the white balance as appropriate
Exposure compensation should be properly increased when intentionally shooting warm tones
The most traditional way to shoot food and panoramic or rich scenes is to shoot parallel to the plane where the food is placed.
Positive shooting highlights rich scenes
Side photography is especially suitable for food with more vertical layers such as hamburgers, sandwiches and cakes. Where the light is poor, side photography is often chosen, and it is not easy to leave a shadow in the picture.
Cakes are suitable for side shots to highlight layers
Oblique side shooting
Oblique side photography can not only capture the whole picture of food, but also avoid annoying shadows. Of course, if you want to highlight the theme and avoid chaos, you can use the shallow depth of field effect!
Oblique side photography avoids shadows
In composition techniques, the most important thing to shoot food is to highlight the theme and avoid confusion. In daily shooting, several composition methods can be considered:
The central layout is a common layout. The circle here is not a circle in the full sense, but a scattered layout centered around the center of the picture, or "symmetrical layout". Generally speaking, the object is placed in the center of the picture.
The central layout can better highlight the main body of food
The central layout abandons the chaotic background.
There are many subjects in the picture. They can use the golden segmentation method of photography to compose the picture, or they can put the objects arbitrarily without following the routine. But the main thing is not to let the overall picture imbalance.
If the black fork on the right is missing, the whole picture will be left-centered.
Seemingly messy, but using the Golden Section Composition
Come a little closer
A famous realistic photographer once said, "If you don't shoot well enough, you don't stand close enough." This rule applies equally to food photography.
Give up the whole food and focus on the details, that is, enlarge the visible part of the naked eye, so that the photos are often more creative, lively and interesting. Such photography is not only realistic, but also more subjective. If you want to take pictures of delicious food different from others, you can try to get as close as possible to the subject and show the details. The large aperture of the SLR camera can give more prominence to the details.
The texture of the fruit can only be displayed close to the photograph.
Pure background or shallow depth of field highlighting theme
No matter what food you shoot, if you can find a solid background, it won't be too bad.
The background color contrasts strongly with the food color.
But many times the dining scene is messy and can not find a relatively clean background. We can use shallow depth of field to highlight the theme and make the messy background virtual.
Shallow depth of field can weaken chaotic background
Shoot the secret recipe of shallow depth of field:
If we use a SLR camera, we can adjust the aperture (e.g. f/2.8) or increase the focal length (e.g. 200 mm).
The effect of shallow depth of field can be obtained by adjusting the aperture.
If you use the card machine, you can set up the micro-distance function and shoot as close as possible.
Close to food when shooting shallow depth of field
3. Take a night of fireworks
The Spring Festival is coming soon, fireworks and firecrackers are an indispensable activity for Chinese people. There are a lot of skills in taking good fireworks photos. Let's take a look at some tips for adding color to photos.
Night shooting often takes more than one second of exposure time. If you want to use your fireworks to draw some beautiful lights and shadows, you can hardly imagine it without a tripod. Digital cameras are basically equipped with tripod jacks, but we never use them, which is indeed a waste and regret. In addition, you can try to use a timer to further reduce vibration.
A stable shooting environment is the most important point of fireworks photography.
A digital camera with a slow shutter is a must. The best shutter speed for shooting fireworks is about 2 seconds.
If the shutter speed is too fast, you can only take pictures of scattered fireworks and flames. If the camera itself has "fireworks" and "night scene mode" and so on, it can also be used to shoot fireworks, but the best camera has manual B door function. If you set the shutter speed manually, you can get the desired effect.
High-speed shutter can capture the moment of fireworks blooming
Aperture and ISO
It's better to use manual function when shooting. Wide-angle lens + F5-F16 small aperture is recommended. ISO100 will give you a cleaner picture. Not only is the field of vision wide enough, but also the quality of the picture is guaranteed.
It's really difficult to shoot fireworks, especially when using SLR cameras. According to different models, the dark areas of the pictures are also different, so we can't generalize. In addition, if you can fix ISO and reduce exposure compensation properly, you should be able to take beautiful photos. Setting the sensitivity between ISO 200 and ISO 400 would be more appropriate.
Wide-angle lens can capture a more comprehensive environment
The next point is focus, which is difficult because there is not enough light at night. The fireworks themselves are very bright. It's good to focus on the fireworks, but if you can't focus on the fireworks, you need to let the subject use a brighter object to assist in focusing. For example, turn on the phone, focus the camera on the phone, and then shoot.
When you can't focus, you need something bright to assist in focusing.
Blooming time of fireworks
Don't trust your ears. When you hear the sound of the ascent, the fireworks have exploded. It's too late to press the shutter. Why? Because you are standing far away, it takes time for sound to spread. It is expected that the fireworks will blossom instantly, and the rules can be found in the front of a fireworks show. Normally, in order to open the shutter exactly at the moment of the fireworks explosion, it is necessary to press the shutter one second before the fireworks explosion. If you want to improve, you need to use the camera's 2-second self-timer function to prevent jitter interference when you press the shutter, and then you have to press the shutter two seconds earlier. If you try more, you will be able to grasp the accuracy.
The time of fireworks blooming needs more practice to grasp accurately
4. Shoot a temple fair
Spring Festival temple fairs are held every year, and this year is no exception. The temple fair is nothing more than tasting snacks and finding things, crowding into a lively atmosphere. Every stall is decorated with lanterns, and the streets are crowded with people. In this scene, we can choose some activities with folk characteristics or the theme of the elements of the New Year to shoot, shooting the lively crowd is also a good choice.
Pay attention to fill the light.
Most people like to use backlighting when taking people at Temple fairs, but because it is not convenient to supplement the light in the front, the overall picture of the work feels dull, especially the photographs taken under strong backlighting are not transparent. So remember that using flash to make up the necessary light is an important means to highlight the facial expressions of the characters in the backlighting portraits.
It is necessary to use flash to supplement the light.
Grabbing the Temple Fair with Changjiao
Photography is inseparable from people, and the best way to show people's communication is interest. There are two main themes of temple fairs, eating and playing. The best interesting points usually appear in these two aspects. Close-up techniques are suitable for shooting such pictures. The temple fair is crowded and the environment is chaotic. The 70-200 mm long focus lens is the main weapon, which can separate the main body from the crowd.
Using long focus lens can highlight the facial expression of the subject
Promoting Theme with "Contrast"
Contrast is the premise of deepening the theme and one of the commonly used methods of shooting temple fair theme. Men and women, old and young, big and small, and color, light and shadow are all elements of contrast. In the shooting of temple fair, the key to shooting a wonderful "contrast" picture is to find a pair of eyes.
The blue sky contrasts sharply with the windmill.
Appear in colour
Characters'color performance mainly relies on dark background and light to achieve the purpose of shooting. Temple fairs need color, while the color block collocation should be reasonable, not too much too disorderly, the conflict of larger colors as far as possible do not put together.
Red lanterns highlight the strong flavor of the year
Pay attention to self-protection
A strong photographic bag is indispensable for visiting temple fairs. Even the card machine should take a solid wallet. It's better to have a waterproof outer layer. When it comes to rain and snow or when it's not shooting, it should be put in the bag and keep it in sight all the time. Cameras should wear hand ropes or shoulder straps because they can easily be collided with during shooting, which can cause the camera to leave.
When the weather is colder, especially when the temperature is below zero, the battery life of the digital camera will be greatly reduced. When not shooting, you should try to put the camera in your close pocket to keep warm and take an extra battery with you to replace it.
Particular attention should be paid to self-safety when shooting.
The above is the whole content of the Spring Festival photography strategy. While enjoying the festival, we must remember to record the wonderful moment with the camera. Here, I wish you all a happy New Year ahead of time. Everything goes well. There will be wonderful pictures soon.