Solutions to Questions and Confusions in Photography
- Oct 17, 2019
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1. How to photograph scenery in different light?
In photography, with the illumination of light, the picture will produce light and shade levels and tones. When shooting scenery outdoors, the photographer can show various effects of scenery picture by using different light levels such as smooth light, side light and backlight. The photographer can also choose different light positions to show the beauty of nature according to the light conditions of the environment at that time.
In photography, natural light is usually used to take scenery photographs. Nature contains endless charm. Mountains, waterscapes, grasslands and forests may become the viewing points of the photographers.
Professional photographers will choose the shooting location, shooting time and light level to represent the scene according to the theme they want to express. Tourist photographers can take pictures anytime and anywhere. Their difficulty is how to make the pictures exposed correctly and what kind of light position to use. In photography, the photographer can display different picture effects according to different light positions.
Using smooth light to shoot scenery, the whole picture is uniformly illuminated, less shadows, and exposure is easy to control. However, it should be noted that the images taken in the smooth environment may lack rich layers and the visual effect is slightly dull. Fair-light photography is often used in Tourism Documentary photography.
Side light environment is conducive to the representation of the shape and outline of the object. When the camera shooting direction and light position are in 90o state, the object can be represented by side light to enrich the picture level.
Backlight environment is the easiest way to outline the object and form a higher light ratio with other regions. Backlight does not focus on the dark details of the subject, so attention should be paid to detail exposure during shooting to ensure the backlight atmosphere of the picture.
2. How to photograph scenery at different times?
During the day, light changes constantly, and the quality of light varies with time. The light in the morning and in the evening varies. Photographers shoot scenery in different time periods, which can show the different characteristics of the scenery and the mood of the picture.
The scenery of the four seasons will show different styles, and the scenery of different periods of the day will also show different tones and textures. At sunrise, the air is clean and delicate, which is suitable for expressing a fresh and refreshing feeling.
In the afternoon, the sunshine is intense, even there will be a sharp feeling. At this time, we can use small scenes to show the leisure effect of the picture, and we can also use strong light to outline the outline of the object in the scenery.
When sunset, the light is relatively soft. We can shoot brilliant clouds and sunset scenery by surrounding exposure mode, and create a strong and gentle tone atmosphere in the picture.
3. How to display forest scenery in different seasons?
Forest is one of the common subjects in landscape photography. When shooting forest scenery, attention should be paid to the angle of view and the position of trees in the picture. There are many kinds of trees in nature. Different types of trees grow in different areas. When shooting, different colors of trees can be displayed according to different seasons.
Photographs taken in the spring of the recovery of all things show a vigorous upward spirits. In foggy summer shooting, fog can be used as the background, so that the main body can get better performance. Generally, the light in summer is intense. At this time, accurate exposure can be obtained by reducing the shutter speed or reducing the aperture. Of course, you can also choose to shoot on cloudy days.
In the colorful autumn, we can use the color of trees to foil the atmosphere of the forest, and with the help of large scenes and light illumination, we can capture the rich levels of the forest one by one on the screen. Winter photography can show that the trees are not afraid of the cold, indomitable character.
No matter which season the forest scenery is taken, the white balance and exposure compensation should be adjusted according to the light of the environment at that time to make the scenery more attractive.
4. How to photograph the colorful grasslands?
The grassland area usually has long sunshine and intense light. On a sunny day, you can see low clouds and bright sunset clouds. This is also an important reason for attracting many filmmakers to create. Fair light can show a grassland-like and tranquil side, while reverse light can focus on clouds and sky changes. Of course, in cloudy or cloudy conditions, you can also shoot grassland wildflowers, cattle and sheep and other elements to show their true color.
The vast grassland, herds of cattle and sheep, meandering rivers, blue sky and white clouds and other beautiful scenery can not help but remind people of the "wind blowing grass, cattle and sheep see less" scene.
Only shooting grassland on a sunny day can show its charm. Because the sunshine conditions are more abundant in the clear sky, the color of blue sky and white clouds will be more full. If there are herds of cattle and sheep, it is necessary to use a higher shooting angle to reduce the position of the horizon in the picture, so as to better reflect the vastness of the grassland. The intense daytime sunshine on the grassland often enhances the contrast between the light and shadows, but it also captures strange light and shadows.
If only to show the rich color of the grassland, the photographer can show it by shooting large scene pictures. Some other scenic spots can also be included to embellish the picture, such as windmills on the grassland, which can help to show the wind direction and dynamic feeling of the grassland.
5. How to use light to represent tree silhouettes?
Silhouette is caused by the failure of light to expose the subject. In a sunny day, the photographer can show the silhouette of trees by shooting with the backlight and side backlight. Photographers also need to use the central focus average photometry mode to measure light, to ensure the correct exposure of the entire picture.
In the dense forest in the morning or evening, the photographer can shoot from the angle of backlight, which can not only highlight the aesthetic feeling of trees through light and shadow. In addition, the trees will pull out long shadows under the light, which perfectly outlines the lines of the trees and makes the picture show excellent light and shadow effect.
When shooting trees, side or back lighting is the best choice. The stereo and texture of trees are better when exposed to side backlight, while branches and leaves form silhouette effect and show distinct outlines when exposed to side backlight. At the same time, leaves can also fully show their translucent texture under the light. In composition, attention should be paid to the selection of angles, which can be used to photograph the whole tree, the part of the tree, or even the local leaves with certain characteristics and colors.
6. How to shoot the colours in autumn?
Autumn is the harvest season, in this season, photographers will always photograph golden, deep red, orange and other colors, these beautiful colors are the characteristics of plants in autumn. Choosing sunny and cloudy weather to shoot Autumn scenes will show different pictures. On sunny days, the light will be harder, and the color of the picture is brighter and brighter. Soft light in cloudy weather can make the picture soft and the color saturation of the scenery high.
In autumn, leaves show a variety of colors, giving people a sense of joy of harvest. When shooting trees at this time, we should pay attention to the use of patches of color and similar tones to form beautiful patterns, so that the picture is full of beauty of order and form.
But we should pay attention to the picture color is not too rich, try to control within three kinds, if can cooperate with color contrast or coordination to performance, can get very good visual effect, too many colors, will only give people the feeling of disorder.
The brightness of autumn scenery is influenced by weather and light. For example, when shooting under scattered light, the direction of soft light is not strong, and it is not easy to produce shadows. Although the contrast between light and shade is not strong, the picture is soft, delicate and full.
If you shoot autumn scenery in direct light, the ground will be shadowed, the stereo sense of the picture will be enhanced, and the color of the leaves will be more saturated.
7. How to shoot branches in winter
In winter, the branches will be covered with snow. Snow is a white crystal with high reflectivity. Therefore, direct light can be used to photograph the branches of snow. It can also be photographed by backlighting, sidelighting, sidelighting and oblique sidelighting. Sometimes it can be combined with multiple light positions to make the scene more perfect.
In winter, ice and snow, everything presents the beauty of tranquility and purity. Branch is an excellent subject in the world of ice and snow. Its unique shape brings another visual enjoyment to the viewer, and it is a rare subject in the eyes of the photographer. When shooting the branches and leaves after snow, the photographer should pay attention to the choice of light. Side light and backlight can show the transparency of the branches.
Also pay attention to the control of exposure, snow exposure is different from conventional exposure, standard photometric reduction of 18% gray photometric method will make white snow in the picture darkened gray. In order to show the glittering and translucent texture of the snow scene, the photographer needs to take the snow as the light-measuring datum, use the point light-measuring method to measure the light, and on this basis add 1-2 exposure compensation, while restoring the snow scene to bright white, pay attention to retaining the texture details of the snow scene.
In addition to increasing exposure compensation, the safest way to shoot snow is to use surround exposure. When using surround exposure mode to measure light, the camera takes three photos with slightly different exposure. The photographer can choose the appropriate exposure according to his own needs.
8. How to shoot snow
When shooting snow, the photographer should not only master the use of light, but also rely on accurate light measurement and reasonable exposure. The photographer should choose the normal light, side light, side light or back light according to the illumination conditions of natural light on the day of shooting, and choose different light measuring modes according to the scenic spots taken at that time to ensure the correct exposure of the whole snow cover picture.
When shooting snow scenery, the use of light and photometry must be very accurate, slightly inadvertent will fail to shoot. Snow can produce mirror reflections, resulting in high brightness, high reflectivity and lack of hierarchical sense of snow surface. So we should pay attention to the following points when shooting:
First, snow is not always white. Snow is white in the sunshine, pale blue in the shade, gray in the cloudy day, and warm in the sunrise or sunset. To make a good snowscape, the photographer must first understand the characteristics of snow.
Second, the best choice for photographers is in the morning or evening, before 9:00 a.m. or after 4:00 p.m., when the angle of sunshine is low, the angle of light reflection on the snow surface is small, appears soft, the texture of snow is enhanced, and can fully show the layers and details of snow.
Thirdly, when shooting, attention should be paid to choosing the direction of light and shooting angle. In order to fully display the characteristics of snow, the photographer should use side light, side light or back light to shoot. The best shooting angle and light is low position side backlight shooting, so that the various veins on the snow and human and animal impressions can be clearly presented, and the shadows left by the surrounding trees and scenery also play a supporting role in the composition.
Fourthly, if it is to shoot a wide range of snow landscape, the photographer should pay attention to the use of surrounding scenery, choose dark-toned buildings, trees, mountains, etc. as a foil, can also add pedestrians on the road in the picture, which will add some vitality and vitality to the dull picture to a certain extent.
9. How to shoot fog
Photographers usually choose to shoot fog scenes in the mountains and fields. When shooting, we need to observe the illumination of fog light and the visibility of fog, and select the light position to show the beautiful fog scene.
When fog appears between scenes, it can often make ordinary scenes become unfamiliar because a lot of details are hidden. When shooting in fog, the photographer can avoid things that can not be avoided in sunny days by adjusting the distance between shooting, thus presenting a poetic beauty.
Most fog scenes are taken under scattered light conditions. In fact, even when there is a thin fog, night scenes will have a good effect, especially when the sky is just beginning to darken and the sky has not completely darkened.
When shooting fog, we should also pay attention to the direction of light. The characteristics of smoothing fog are that the color is better and suitable to be expressed in the form of color. However, the perspective space relationship of the picture is too flat, and the stereo effect of no side light or backlight position is good. Therefore, in practice, we should use light flexibly according to the characteristics of the performance object.
10. How to photograph lakes
The vast waters and green lakes are desirable and intoxicating. They are very poetic and are the favorite subjects for filmmakers. However, only shooting a quiet lake often makes the picture dull and tedious, so the photographer can use the performance of light and prospects to make the picture more brilliant with the clear and cloudy sky as a foil, and with the quiet water surface or reflection.
When the sun shines intensely, it's not the best time to show the water. The water surface has a high reflectivity, which is usually brighter. When the angle of sunlight illumination is at a certain angle with the camera lens, a strong light reflection will be formed on the water surface.
When the incident angle of sunlight is relatively low or cloudy day is selected for shooting, better lake effect can often be obtained. Under the scattering light, the water surface is evenly illuminated. The color of the green lake is light and graceful, and there is no obvious reflection.
The images of lakes in the same waters are different under three different light levels, i.e. smooth light, side light and reverse light. For example, in the downlight, the color of the green water surface is very bright. When the water quality is clear and the water bottom is shallow, you can also see the scenery under the light. Under side illumination, the saturation of green water decreases, and the fluctuation lines and contrast between light and shade of water surface waves are larger. Side light is helpful to show the shape of water, wave lines and so on. The flickering highlights on the water surface under the backlight will make the image of water in the picture active and poetic.
11. How to photograph the sparkling water surface
When the water surface is photographed with the backlight level, flashing spots will appear on the water surface. The sparkling water surface makes the picture emit the color of starlight. The effect of photography is full of subtle dynamic beauty, which can more clearly show the level of the water surface and create a poetic picture artistic conception.
Quiet water is susceptible to ambient light. The blue sky can make the water bluer, the water surrounded by green mountains can make the water green, while the sunny sky in the morning and the golden sunshine in the evening can make the water red or golden.
In order to photograph the sparkling water surface, it is necessary to shoot under the sunny light, using the backlight, and the sunlight should be taken at a low angle. Reducing the lens aperture to F8-F11, the effect of wave light will be more obvious, forming a divergent star effect.
12. How to Film Reflections in Water
The reflection in water is affected by wind direction, current waviness, orientation, light and seasonal variation. Reflections are not ordinary still life. When there is wind or in flowing waters, some reflections with dynamic effects can often be taken. The forms of reflection are changeable and there is no certain regularity. It depends on the flow of water waves during the shooting. When there is no wind, the still water is like a mirror, and the reflection is particularly clear and clear. The photographer can use the smooth light and side light to represent the reflection.
The reflection of water surface is one of the main factors to enhance the artistic expression of water surface. When shooting, if you add reflection, it will add a lot of color to the photos. The water surface can form a mirror under the illumination of light. The reflection and the scenery are harmoniously integrated, giving people a pleasant visual experience.
Before and after sunrise and at sunset, the environment is quiet. On the calm water surface like a mirror, the reflection looks very beautiful, so it's a good time to shoot the reflection. In addition, when shooting, we should pay attention to the dazzling spot of light on the water surface, which will lead to increased image contrast and affect the aesthetic feeling of the picture. There are two ways to avoid spot phenomenon: one is to try to change the shooting position; the other is to use circular polarizer to reduce or eliminate it. When the reflection in water is taken by side backlighting at sunset, the object can be projected long on the calm and bright water surface.
In most cases, when the front of the scene is illuminated by smooth light or side light, the outline and color of the reflection in water are the most clear and beautiful. However, the reflection of the scenery illuminated by backlight is difficult to achieve the desired effect because of its unclear front, which is seldom used in photography.