Increase the film feel of the picture by composition
- Dec 02, 2019
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The architecture in the background and the trees on both sides constitute a fantastic evening picture. After the characters are integrated into the picture, there is a layer of depth of field relationship. Long-focus lens with large aperture, the characters and background will be far away, highlighting the sense of space, so that rich visual elements are in focus, color and lines are softened a lot, through the depth of field to explain the master-slave relationship, so that the saturated picture space is not messy, the picture is more thorough and clear.
Scene is the primary factor in film composition. It refers to the size and scope of the subject in the screen frame structure. In the film, directors and photographers make use of complex and changeable scene scheduling and lens scheduling, alternately using various scenes, which can make the narration of the film plot, the expression of the characters'feelings, and the treatment of the relationship between the characters more expressive, thus enhancing the artistic appeal of the film. A group of rich and storytelling travel photographs, first of all, need to use the cinematic thinking to deal with the scenery, understand the information and significance conveyed by different scenery pictures, on this basis, express emotions and strengthen the narrative. There are five categories of scenery: close-up (above the shoulder of the human body), close-up (above the chest of the human body), mid-range (above the knee of the human body), panoramic (all the background of the human body and its surroundings) and long-range (the environment in which the subject is situated).Close-up（） （） Medium shot（） panorama（） Prospect（）
Different scenes can cause different psychological reactions of audiences. Prospects highlight the atmosphere of the environment. Close-ups emphasize the emotions of the characters. Panoramic descriptions of the relationship between people and the environment. Mid-scenes are most suitable to show the communication between the characters, while near-scenes focus on revealing the inner world of the characters. Generally speaking, the standard angle of view or long focus lens are often used in the picture of a movie. We should try to avoid using wide-angle lens when we want to create a sense of the picture of a movie when we travel.
Close-range scenery, axis-shifting lens, focus on the eyes, highlighting the facial expression, emotions. Back-shot angle increases visual impact, and backlighting effect is strengthened against the background of dreamlike forest, which is brilliant and soft. Characters are placed on the right side of the picture, facing out of the picture, which leads to richer spatial associations.
Aperture: f/2.8, shutter: 1/250s, focal length: 45mm, ISO: 250
Medium shotMedium shot
It's very suitable for explaining the relationship between characters. It was filmed in Florence, the birthplace of the Renaissance. The location was Old Bridge. It was sunset. The sky was very beautiful and the ground lighting had been set. It was suitable for shooting with natural light. It showed the most natural mood in the real atmosphere.
Aperture: f/1.4, shutter: 1/160s, focal length: 50mm, ISO: 250
Suitable for the relationship between people and environment. Usually shooting at the seaside, we will frame the sky and the sea into the picture. And the setting sun makes the Aegean Sea appear deep blue in summer, the breeze gently brushes the hair, pure and comfortable. In order to make the picture more concise, I elevated the seat, avoided the sky by overhead shooting, leaving only the sea and people, and produced different artistic conception beauty by subtraction.
Aperture: f/2.8, shutter: 1/800s, focal length: 155mm, ISO: 50
Pictures better show the atmosphere of the environment. This is on Palau's outlying island, the sea and sky are uniform, the environment is open and pure. At this time, the details of the clouds in the sky are rich, but the elements of the ground are relatively single. The temporary intention is to include our helicopter in the composition, and the characters appear on the left and right sides of the picture, which not only increases the amount of information of the environment, but also plays the role of balancing vision.
Aperture: f/3.2, shutter: 1/3200s, focal length: 145mm, ISO: 80
Usually used to show a panoramic view of the environment, to set off emotions. The Brighton Highway stretches along the seaside, with lawns and Straits on one side and towns on the other. At sunset, the angle to the sun is just like the picture in the movie "Running Up to the Sky". So the scene is compressed with a long focal lens, framing the three elements of sea, sky and road. The details of the picture are rich, clean and aesthetic. The overall atmosphere reflects the delicate and warm feelings of the characters.
Aperture: f/4, shutter: 1/640s, focal length: 135mm, ISO: 160
As we mentioned earlier, wide-angle lenses are seldom used in film scenes, so I prefer to bring standard lenses and long-focus lenses when I travel. In addition to affecting the scene, the focal length is also directly related to the depth of field effect of the picture. When other factors remain unchanged, the focal length is inversely proportional to the depth of field. The longer the focal length is, the smaller the depth of field is, and the shorter the focal length is, the greater the depth of field is. In addition, the depth of field is also related to the shooting distance and aperture size. The closer the shooting distance is, the bigger the shooting distance is; the bigger the aperture is, the smaller the aperture is, the bigger the depth of field is. The significance of depth of field is to highlight the subject and create an atmosphere by controlling the expression of reality and emptiness.
Sometimes we can increase the spatial level of the picture by setting the front and back scenes, explain the master-slave structure, guide the line of sight, depict the artistic conception, create the natural atmosphere in the scene, and arouse the sense of the picture like a movie. Many people will feel that shooting with a standard lens perspective will make the picture dull and lacking impact. However, the shift lens can help you dispel these concerns. We can adjust the focal plane of the lens at will, break the visual norms, and make the picture produce illusory and realistic changes. The most common one I use is a 45 mm axis shifting lens, which is very flexible and far away. When shooting close-ups of people with shifting lenses, I often focus around my eyes, which makes the picture appear fantastic and fantastic. When shooting large scenes, it can highlight the main body of the characters and the core elements of the screen, and make the whole space covered with a layer of fairy tale flavor, just like the miniature landscape in the animation. Choosing the backlight angle to shoot, it will increase this sense of fantasy and visual impact.
With an 85mm lens, the aperture is opened to 1.4, which maximizes the background, highlights the soft and warm atmosphere, and perfectly integrates people with the scenery, just like a screenshot of a movie clip.
Aperture: f/1.4, shutter: 1/640s, focal length: 85mm, ISO: 80 Sydney Opera House on the yacht, that overcast day, night before the arrival of distant lights, sea and sky uniform. At that time, the shooting environment was rather restrictive, so the steering wheel of the yacht was included in the composition as the prospect, and the Sydney Opera House as the background added a kind of narrative sexy. Under the large aperture, the picture is more concise, vivid and full of layers.
Aperture: f/1.4, shutter: 1/200s, focal length: 50mm, ISO: 4000 unconventional shooting often brings unexpected results. On the rainy streets of Sydney, pedestrians rushed along, so they wanted to use slow doors to show the rain and the movement of pedestrians. By adjusting ISO and aperture, we can get a slower shutter speed. Illusive pedestrians are the prospects to form a dynamic, virtual and real contrast with the main characters and highlight the key points of expression.
Aperture: f/10, shutter: 1/13s, focal length: 75mm, ISO: 80, small ear Church in Tuscany, Italy. The sunset reflects stars on the walls covered with plants. I want to highlight this mottled fantasy and warmth, so I use the shift lens to shoot, adjust the composition, put the characters on the right side, and let them climb all over. The walls of objects occupy a larger picture space, and the retro walls highlight Tuscany's Italian style.
Aperture: f/2.8, shutter: 1/320s, focal length: 45mm, ISO: 100 couples walking hand in hand in the backlight, at this time simply using a large aperture can no longer express my desired dream, so by shifting the axis lens, adjusting the focal plane, so that a part of the screen mottled shadows and the lower half of the characters show out-of-focus virtual effect, So it forms the dreamlike atmosphere of the picture.
Aperture: f/3, shutter: 1/320s, focal length: 45mm, ISO: 125
As for the position of the characters in the picture, I want to emphasize two points. One is the relative position and echo relationship between the characters in the middle and near-range picture; the other is the interaction and foil relationship between the main characters and the overall environment in the long-range picture. In the middle and close-range pictures, the focus is on describing the relationship between the two people, emphasizing the characters'expressions and emotions, different positions will form different atmosphere. In the composition of large scenes, the relationship between characters and environment becomes the focus. As the saying goes, "Take the momentum far, take the God near", although the characters only occupy a small proportion of the environment, but people's posture and position is extremely critical, the atmosphere and momentum presented in the picture is more important, Lyric meaning is stronger, we should use the way to show the environment, strengthen the atmosphere to express the feelings of the characters.
The shooting angle includes shooting height, shooting direction and shooting distance. The shooting height can be divided into flat shooting, overhead shooting and overhead shooting. The shooting direction is divided into front angle, side angle, oblique angle, back angle and so on. Shooting distance is one of the elements that determine the scene. Different angles can get different shapes and effects, have different performance functions, can reproduce on the spot or exaggerate the performance, the head-up view gives people a sense of objective neutrality, while the head-up view and the head-up view are more dramatic and have special expressive significance.
During afternoon tea time in rural towns in England, the characters have relaxed expressions and brilliant smiles, but the environment is relatively constrained. Therefore, by adjusting the angle, they let the backlight shine into the picture and become one of the modeling elements. Several leaves form a dreamy and transparent prospect under the backlight. The form of over-shoulder lens adds to the picture's cross-flu.
Aperture: f/2, shutter: 1/500s, focal length: 85mm, ISO: 50pm in Melbourne suburbs. When composing the picture, people want to highlight the happy mood of the characters in the backlight atmosphere, so that people can be fully in the whole picture, adjust the position of the hero to make it closer to the lens, as a prospect. So the groom in the foreground, the bride in Jiaonei and the background environment, the three layers of relationship make the picture rich and full of the sense of story hierarchy.
Aperture: f/2, shutter: 1/2000s, focal length: 50mm, ISO: 64 standard symmetrical composition, the figure is located in the center of the picture, the neat ground to account for the environmental characteristics, the trees and roads on both sides of the building naturally form a sense of perspective. At the same time, the focal plane is adjusted by the axis shifting lens, which adds a little fantastic charm to the picture besides the regularity.
Aperture: f/2.8, shutter: 1/160s, focal length: 45mm, ISO: 125 French Loire Valley, sunset backlight shines through the roof on the lawn in front of the house, the sky and architecture make the upper part of the picture more rich elements, while the lower part of the lawn is more monotonous, at this time the characters are arranged in the bottom right most "empty". Partial, balanced picture. Properly elevate the seat, avoid overlap between the head and the building, the natural warm atmosphere and the delicate emotions of the characters, so that the picture appears full and appropriate.
Aperture: f/2.8, shutter: 1/1250s, focal length: 45mm, ISO: 200, a roadside cafe in Brighton Town. The characters sit on the wall. We shoot from one side along the path. The position of the characters is arranged on the right. The path forms a diagonal composition, which strengthens the depth of the picture. The shallow depth of field effect brought by large aperture and fixed focus lens makes the picture concise and clean. Appropriately guide the direction of the eyes of the characters, not only to explain the scene, but also to capture the emotions of the characters.
Aperture: f/2, shutter: 1/5000s, focal length: 50mm, ISO: 80 low-angle lens shooting, so that grass and flowers become the main elements of the lower half of the picture, the upper half of the sky and buildings "split", will be placed in a more concise sky background, and in the picture of the three halves, plus the axis shift lens generated by the focus. The relationship between the virtual and the real makes the picture soft, moving and dreamy, just like the lyric lens in the film.
Aperture: f/2.8, shutter: 1/500s, focal length: 45mm, ISO: 80