How to Reflect Photographic Skills from a Photo
- Oct 24, 2019
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Some people say: marry a chicken with a chicken, marry a dog with a dog; others say: men are afraid of choosing the wrong line, women are afraid of marrying the wrong man! Some people say: people without foresight, there must be immediate worries; others say: today there is wine, today drunk! Which would you like to believe?
If you tell me that these words are not contradictory, but when you describe a truth in different ways, I believe you can understand the following words. Some people say that focus must be clear, running away is taboo! But others say that running away from focus is an artistic technique of expression. Some people say that exposure must be accurate, do not overexpose or underexpose! But others say that overexposure can create a fresh feeling! Some people say that the main body of the composition should be placed at the intersection of the jingzi. However, some people say that the middle composition can highlight the main body! Which would you like to believe?
I have always believed that there are few universal laws in the world. The specific situation should always be analyzed concretely, just as I said that the same focal plane definition should be the same, you can certainly cite the counterexample of shifting axis, just as I said that there should be reflection on the water surface, you can certainly cite the counterexample of polarizer. Because of the limitation of knowledge, I can not exhaust all exceptions. I can only make a statement of principle, but since there are principles, there are exceptions. So, when you understand that I can't focus on this sentence, you should understand it as well as those sayings I said above. Is it correct? Why can I cite a counterexample when it's right? Is it wrong? Why do mistakes follow this principle in most cases? They should be regarded as an experience, not a truth. The following is a supplement to some of the situations I have mentioned that will be eliminated. Focus inaccuracy: You want to take a text, but you press the shutter before you finish focusing, which leads to the text can not be seen at all. This is my definition of focus inaccuracy.
The following picture is what I'm talking about. (You can certainly think of this picture as artistic, but unfortunately, it's really hard to have a good evaluation of this kind of work.) In addition, most of the world's excellent works are focused accurately, which is indeed a very important principle.
The color is not natural: the following picture is what I said (you can certainly think of this kind of picture as artistic, but unfortunately, this kind of work is really difficult to identify with).
Later Rough: The picture below is what I'm talking about (of course you can think of it as artistic, but unfortunately, it's the same as above). Photography is really a casual thing. You shouldn't be too constrained.
You may think that the so-called composition and exposure are just the rules created by some so-called photographers. They should not restrict the freedom of photography. So, I think you are right. Taking photography as a hobby is a pleasure. Even if the composition of a picture is worse and the exposure is worse, but the picture is filled with girls I like, I will regard it as a treasure. But the game is different. Competition is like an exam. You can say that examinations do not reflect a person's real abilities, and in fact they may.
However, the essence of competition and examination lies in selection. You may hate examination-oriented education and think that the so-called standard answers are totally confused. But since it is selection, there must be standards. You can question the inappropriate and inappropriate standards, but you should not question the standards themselves. Before answering this question, let's make a few off-topic remarks. I had the privilege of serving as a judge of some photography competitions, responsible for helping the organizing committee select excellent works. Because of the limited personal level, it is impossible to judge high-level competitions. They are all amateur competitions. Although the level of competition is not high, but the process of screening pictures still has some value, I can share with you.
Step 1: Look at the pictures first. The direct PASS of the pictures is not beautiful. Maybe you will say, how can such subjective thing as beauty make the first round of screening? I refer to inaccurate focus, inaccurate exposure, unnatural color, rough later period and other obvious lack of aesthetic photographs. The first round of this kind of photograph is directly PASS. Of course, in high-level competitions, the chances of these situations that I mentioned earlier are much smaller.
Step 2: What is the subject of a photograph to express, what is the core value of a photograph you want to convey. If a person looks at a photograph for more than ten seconds and does not know what it is, the photograph is likely to fail. For those works that do not know or have clouds but taste the same, they will be eliminated in the second round. Most of the works will not be eliminated here, because there are not many pictures with brilliant themes, but there are not many poor themes. Most of them are moderate, and need to be ruled out by the following steps. For the brilliant photos, they will be taken out separately.
Step 3: The composition of this round is the same as the previous one, not eliminating many people, but for the composition of a very brilliant will be taken out separately.
Step 4: Use up this round with the previous round, will not eliminate many people, but for the use of a very brilliant will be taken out separately. After the above four steps, although there are not many works that may be eliminated, there are not many outstanding works. What we need to do at this time is to calculate the colourful works (themes or compositions or use up any of them to make a colourful impression), see how many pieces there are, and whether there is a difference between the total number of award-winning places. Usually, this is when the number of photos is larger than the number of award-winning places. If it is smaller than the number of photos that have never been eliminated, it means that if you want to enter the final stage of selection, theme, composition, use up all three must have a good one.
In view of the above selected photos, the following steps should be taken: Generally, the photos that can enter the final stage belong to the kind of pictures that are very expressive and beautiful. You can let a person who has not touched the photography to distinguish the good from the bad in a state that can not be distinguished. The following steps need to be applied by people with certain photographic experience:
Step 5: Generally speaking, it is more difficult to shoot special photography methods, such as focusing photography, zoom photography, light drawing, etc. than ordinary photography methods, such as a one-half second exposure photography, if it can create a sense of motion at the same time, but also keep the moving subject clear, then it needs the camera to move smoothly. With the right speed, the difficulty naturally increases. For example, it is more difficult to photograph silky running water in the daytime than ordinary running water, because the former has to add filters and consider different filters according to the lighting conditions, so the difficulty increases naturally. People who don't play photography naturally can't see the difference in difficulty, so it needs some photographic experience. Step 6: Scarcity: Take a picture of Jiuzhaigou from the same angle and place. One is cloudless for thousands of miles, and the other is cloudless. Which one is better? Obviously, scarcity is the most precious thing, and so is photography. Whether it is landscape photography or humanistic photography, the more unique your work is, the higher its value is. The photos you take may be beautiful, the composition and the use of them are impeccable, but if anyone else has a camera and clicks the shutter at the place where you take them, you will get exactly the same picture as you, and the value of your photos will be greatly reduced. Therefore, it is also reasonable for landscape photography to depend on the weather to eat. The more extreme the weather, the more beautiful the scenery will be. The more extreme the weather, the more difficult it will be for others to capture the same scenery as yours. So how to judge the scarcity of photos? This also requires the accumulation of photographic experience. Those photographers travel around the country all year round, traveling all over the country, staying in a place for weeks or even months, they naturally know what kind of work is scarce. For those who have no photographic experience or little photographic experience, this is naturally difficult to judge. Looking back at the famous photographs in history, whether they are stars and stripes with Iwo Jima, kiss of victory, starving children in Africa, portraits of Churchill, etc., they are all rare. These historical moments are precious because they cannot be reproduced. If a photograph combines scarcity and theme, it is undoubtedly an excellent work. Step 7: Innovation. If the two pictures can't decide a male or a female after the above six steps, or between Bozhong, then we should evaluate them from the perspective of innovation. There are many aspects of innovation, such as theme innovation, shooting angle innovation, theme innovation, creative innovation, shooting methods innovation and so on. For example, when most people take photos of flowers, they may not think of using long exposure, thinking that flowers should focus clearly, if long exposure is not blurred? In fact, breaking through such thinking can lead to different results, and the following works will undoubtedly add a lot of points. Here's an example: Let's choose one of these two pictures that you think is better. Which one do you choose?
If it were me, I would come step by step. First, the first four steps can be omitted. The themes, composition and use of light of these two works have their own distinctive features. They are all works that can enter the final stage of battle.
Let's look at the technical difficulty. Because I don't have EXIF information, I can only judge from the picture. The first one is a focus photograph, which reflects the sense of speed and strength in capturing prey. It is very difficult. The second one is ordinary photography. A long focal lens can produce such a picture without special technical processing, which is relatively difficult.
Look at scarcity again. The first one is the scene of catching prey. Most of these scenes appear in grasslands, which are fleeting and scarce. The second one is rainy days + dragonflies. The most difficult part is how to control the shutter speed to reflect the speed of rain and the dynamic impact with dragonflies'wings. The scarcity is relatively low.
After such a comparison, it seems that the results come out, the first one is better than the other. But actually, I prefer the second one. If I choose a better one between them, I will choose the second one. Why? Yes, the first one may be more technically difficult and scarce, but what do you think the theme of the first one is? Should the author express the helplessness and desolation of the arrest of the prey, or the invincibility of the cheetah in arresting the prey? In addition, the focus of the subject may not be particularly clear because of the speed of movement. Of course, you can say that it is a dynamic beauty, but both can be taken into account, that is to say, there is room for improvement in technology. Looking back at the second picture, I think everyone who sees this picture can understand the intention conveyed by the author. In the wind and rain, the wings are splashed with droplets of water, and the feet are covered with droplets of water. But it firmly grasps a thin branch and struggles against the bad weather, conveying a kind of strong and brave. In addition, the composition is also perfect, the motion of rain, the stillness of dragonflies, the beating of rain, the direction of tail in line with rain, etc. are all perfect!
Of course, I may not be able to correctly evaluate these two works at my level, but I have the right to evaluate the weight of these two works in my mind. In addition, different people have different aesthetic views and emphases. In the same photography competition, different judges will lead to different results, which is normal. I would also like to say that the halo effect of this society is very strong, especially in the art industry. No one thinks it's good to have a work named by an ordinary person, but if it's named by a master, it seems that people can immediately dig out a lot of deep-seated things from the work. In fact, many celebrities in history were depressed in their lifetime and had no fame or fortune. On the contrary, they became famous only after their death. When he is not famous, you have to say how compelling his works are. People will think you are sick. After his death, you have to say that his works are very ordinary. People will also think you are sick. Sometimes, we have to cater to these pressures and show our ability to appreciate great works. Social evaluation, followed by echo: This work is good! Splendid!
I think that a person can become a great person, a work can become a great work must have their reasons, some great we can not see, that is our own lack of skills, but we should accept that our skills are not enough, just like my evaluation of photos, yes, sometimes you put a picture. The world business card is in front of me. Maybe between it and a sugarwater tablet, I think sugarwater tablet is better, but why not? You can laugh at my lack of artistic vision and appreciation skills. While acknowledging this fact, I will also think: Why were there not many people like you when the artist was alive? Doesn't that make his works more famous? It's enough to see what's within your competence and express it. Just like when I looked at Van Gogh's sunflowers, I could only see that he painted sunflowers, that's all.
In addition, a good photograph does not mean that the level of the photographer is high. To really understand a person's level, it depends on the level of his overall work.