How to Make Better Photos for Beginners
- Oct 28, 2019
- 3 Comment(s)
Many years ago, when I was a fantastic College student, every time I met a photographer, I would ask the same question: How can I take more wonderful pictures? I am fortunate that many talented and generous photographers have taught me a lot of tricks. Without their valuable advice, I would never be a successful photographer today.
Ironically, as an open producer, the first question I ask when I shoot is: How can I take better pictures? Over the past few years, I have gathered some excellent photographers to share their photographic skills, and their skills have elevated my photographic level to a new level.
1. Get closer
Well-known photographer Robert once said: If your picture is not good enough, it is because you are not close enough. He said the most important thing is to take action and take a few more steps to get closer to your subject. With a good subject frame, your photos don't seem to waste much space. The closer you get to your subject, the better you can capture their facial expressions.
In darkness photography, attention should be paid to exposure compensation and white balance.
2. Take some pictures every day
Practice is the best way to hone photography. It doesn't matter what you shoot, it's important to practice shooting as much as possible. Spend more time with your camera. As your experience improves, your photography will also improve. Don't worry too much about mastering the right way of photography at the beginning, because gradually you will master your own style of photography, which is the correct process of progress.
Using a wide-angle lens, the overall shape of terrace clouds can be photographed.
3. See the use of light
Before considering buying a new camera, consider the light source, so that the light can be your advantage in taking photos. Whether it's natural light sources such as sunlight or artificial light sources such as lighting, how can you use it to make your photos more brilliant? How to cooperate with the on-site light source? How do you use light sources to create interesting shadows? These techniques can make ordinary photographs more exciting.
Attention should be paid to shutter speed when shooting light ingeniously
4. Get permission from others
It is often difficult to communicate with foreigners in different cultures and languages when shooting characters. In some countries, if you shoot characters that are "not allowed to shoot", you will face very embarrassing situations. So it's very important to ask permission from others.
I have taken a series of pictures of children in Pakistani schools. They looked at the camera and posed as portraits. My guide helped me communicate with them. I was responsible for smiling at them, shaking hands with them, showing my friendliness, and then taking pictures of them. You will be surprised at the speed at which people accept you.
When shooting portraits, be as close to the subject as possible.
5. Use flash during the day
You may think that you need to use flash only at night or indoors, but that's not true. If the sun leaves a shadow on your subject in a very bright outdoor environment, you need to turn on the flash. Eliminate those ugly shadows by allowing extra light to shine on your subject and create a brighter environment.
Use flash properly to avoid shadows
When you decide to use different ISO values, there are some questions you need to consider clearly:
When do you shoot in a day? If you shoot at noon, you need to set the ISO to 100 or 200. If you shoot at night without a tripod, you must set the ISO to a higher value to ensure that the camera's sensors can capture the light at the scene.
Is the subject bright enough? If your subject or scene is too dark, you need to use a higher ISO such as 800 or 1600.
Do you want to make a clear image or a more dynamic image? Using high shutter speed to capture fast motion means that you need to use high ISO for exposure compensation. Similarly, if you use slow shutter speed to capture the trajectory, you can set a lower ISO value. Don't forget that adding ISO will also add noise to your photos. So try to avoid using high ISO values like 3200 or 6400, otherwise your photos will be full of noise.
Increasing ISO will also add noise to your photos.
F/4 is a commonly used aperture. When you use a lens with a large aperture (200mm-400mm), you can strip the subject from the background. This can create shallow depth-of-field effect, which can be used in all kinds of photography.
Shallow depth-of-field effect can be produced by using large aperture
8. Make a joke at the right time
When shooting characters, a photographer's right joke always makes the subject produce a more natural smile, not simply "smile".
Capturing instantaneous expressions with high-speed lenses
9. Buying Books Priorities over Equipment
Having expensive equipment doesn't always mean you can take good pictures. I've seen some amazing pictures taken by mobile phones or card machines. Personally, I think that rather than spend a lot of money to buy dozens of different lenses, it is better to buy cutting-edge photographic books to improve photographic skills. Looking at the Masters'works, we can not only get inspiration, but also use different ideas to improve our photos.
Attention should be paid to exposure compensation when shooting in dim weather
10. Read your camera manual
Reading the instructions carefully is the best way to understand how to use the camera. Many people miss this important process when they begin to learn photography. Every camera is different. By reading the manual, you can get a better understanding of the camera and learn some interesting tips.
Pay attention to safety shutter when using high speed shutter
11. Slow down
Before pressing the shutter, spend more time thinking about what's in the viewfinder. How are you going to compose the picture? How do you plan to arrange the light? Don't press the shutter directly before you think about it. It will produce a lot of scrap.
Slow shutter can produce a silky texture
12. Don't check the pictures on the screen over and over again.
With the rapid development of digital photography, it brings a bad habit. People are accustomed to checking the pictures on the screen repeatedly after taking pictures. I have seen many times that the photographer came back to check the screen immediately after the shooting. Doing so will let you miss some special moments. You can check your photos after all the shots have been taken, but you can't miss some wonderful moments by checking the photos. Don't focus on the photos you have taken. Be ready to take the next shot.
High-speed shutter captures athletes'moments
It's a very practical technique to pay attention to what's in the frame when taking pictures. By making a specific scene or object, selecting a window or an arch, drawing a guide line in the picture, the audience's attention is directed to the main focus.
Deliberately Searching for Composition Framework
14. Shape of Light
Don't shoot when the light comes from behind the photographer. This will create ugly horizontal light on the subject. If you shoot in a photometric or backlighting scene, such light can create a more exciting picture.
Backlight can highlight the outline of the subject.
This is not directly related to the photography, but it does affect the appearance of the photograph. When a photograph needs to be watermarked, the smaller the size of the watermarking, the better. If watermarking can be avoided, then never use it.
Unless photographs are used commercially, watermarking is rarely required. But in fact, watermarking can't prevent your photos from being stolen. Watermarking will only make your photographs confused and affect the magnificence of the photographs, and all the viewers will see the photographs broken by the watermarking. The only way to prevent photo theft is not to publish it online.
Using Infrared Photography to Realize Fantastic Colors
16. Shutter speed
Watch your shutter speed, because shutter speed means the difference between blurred and sharp photos. It all depends on what effect you want. If you want to shoot a shooting game or a kid running in the backyard, you definitely want to focus on the subject. To capture fast motion, you need to use more than 1/500 shutter speeds, and 1/1000 to 1/2000 shutter speeds to shoot faster motion.
On the other hand, if you want to capture the light trajectory, you need to change the shutter speed of your camera to use slow shutter, long exposure. This could be 1 second, 2 seconds, 10 seconds or more.
Slow shutter can capture dancer's trajectory
17. Charge the battery
This may seem like a minor problem, but quite a few photographers have made such mistakes. The trick to avoid making mistakes is to put the battery in the charger immediately after returning home from the photographic scene. Then, the only thing is to remember to put the battery back into the camera when it's full of electricity.
Long focal lenses can visualize the background and highlight the main body
18. focal length
Just keep it simple. The two most commonly used lenses are 28mm and 35mm. About 70% of the time use 35mm lens, 30% of the time use 28mm lens. Although it will take some time to adapt, once you adapt, the quality of your photos will certainly improve. That means you have to shoot with the equipment you own, and you can't slack off.
Basically, using a fixed focal length means that you can take more pictures, and paying less attention to the pictures you've taken can help you stop missing important moments. The same focal length also helps to maintain photo consistency. If you're taking a series of photos, keeping the same focal length can make the whole series more harmonious.
Long focal lenses can show the animal's instantaneous expression
19. Establish a photography group
Not only can you publish your photos to the group for viewing, but a positive photography group can also enhance your photography skills and enthusiasm. You can meet many new photographers and learn more about technology and creativity from them.
A little creativity can make a picture more exciting
20. Brain shooting
Even if sometimes you don't need a camera to shoot, shoot in your head and practice paying attention to the light conditions and the frame of the picture. Find ways to get your focus into the picture, form a complete picture, and think about how to compose to show the best side of the subject.
High-speed shutter records rolling waves
It must be remembered that if you shoot people from other countries, they may be posing for you. So at least you need to do something in return. I often go to the same place every year to shoot, so I always take the washed photos to the people who took them before. In some areas, people don't even have photos of themselves. Can you imagine that you and your family don't have photos? Don't you think it's a pity? The subject may think the same way. So inexpensive print photos are a great gift and will lay the foundation for your next shot.
Adding white balance can make the picture warm.
22. Have a camera of your own
If you don't have a camera of your own, can you take wonderful pictures? Digital SLR cameras, card machines or smartphones are not a problem. As long as you have a camera, you can capture flashing and unique scenes instead of missing wonderful pictures in vain.
Record the instant of artist's fire with high-speed shutter
23. Golden Hour
When taking portraits of people and natural scenery in prime time, the light is softer and the color is brighter.
The light is softer in the morning and evening.
24. Keep it simple
Don't try to put too many elements in your picture, which will make it look messy. If you focus only on one or two points of interest, the audience's vision will not be confused, they will focus on the location they need to watch.
Use Visual Guidance Line to Extend the Reader's View Line
25. Don't rely too much on equipment.
We must have seen this type of photographer. They usually have three or four different cameras around their necks, the longest of which is enough to take hunting pictures in Africa. In real photography, it is possible that all the equipment is not needed at all. Preparing just one or two shots allows you to shoot more freely and quickly, and capture some interesting perspectives.
Reduce white balance and make the picture cool
26. angle of view
Generally speaking, when we squat, lie down or increase our position for photography, the perspective of the picture is more attractive. Trying to change the shooting perspective can enhance the performance of the picture and enhance the visual impact. Crouching down to shoot can make your subject full of motion. Increasing shooting height can reduce the presence of their pictures.
Back-up shots and filters make photos more creative
27. Pay attention to the background
What is your framework? I often see wonderful pictures and think, "Didn't they see the trash can, the ugly walls and the signs in the picture?" It not only affects the main body and frame of your picture, but also destroys such wonderful pictures. So don't be shy, trouble passers-by to help you remove objects that affect the scene in the background, or clean them up before shooting.
Simple composition and backlighting make the main outline stand out
Shadow is the best friend. If you don't have the ability to produce effective light when shooting, you can shoot in shadows. You'll get a very good picture without even a speckle.
Use a small aperture to shoot the star effect
29. Patience and perseverance
Patience and perseverance are particularly important as time goes by. Sometimes, the longer you wait to get the more wonderful pictures. Kungfu pays no attention to people. While exercising skills, don't forget to exercise your perseverance.
Use slow shutter to photograph the flow of stars and clouds
30. Break the rules
Now that you know some rules about photography, what you need to do is to break through them! Keep experimenting with all kinds of shooting methods, go to photography happily, learn from mistakes and experience. Create your own photographic skills and style, and take more wonderful pictures.
Reduce the aperture to make the background more visible to highlight the main body
After reading these techniques, did you find that photography is not very difficult? The simple way to make progress is to keep shooting, making mistakes, and learning from them. As long as we persist, we will make progress.