Overview of the internet, whether it is a forum for 3C products or a special discussion area for photography, there are all kinds of introductory teaching of photography. Talk about how to practice photography? What photographic skills can you learn? As an eternal beginner, I try to summarize and read so many articles, and share with you some experience of learning photography. As the title says, these are only ways, not formulaic specifications. But I try my best to avoid the influx of empty advice and dogmatic learning, so that these four approaches can become widely applicable guidelines for photographic enlightenment.
(1) Buy an introductory book!
This is a struggling suggestion. Need to know some hard knowledge about photography (aperture, shutter, ISO... It has nothing to do with the creation of photography. The Japanese photographer Meijiadai (Meijiadai) is a good example. Meijiadai uses Canon EOS 5 single-eye film, with a 50mm focusing lens and an everlasting Fuji 400-degree film, and she only uses automatic mode!
Mei Jiadai's Men Series
Buy a basic book on photography. Note that it's not a product description, but a textbook detailing the basics of aperture, shutter, ISO, various modes, focusing, focal segment, etc. This kind of book doesn't tell you photography skills. It's like a small encyclopedia of photography. When you have any doubts about photography or equipment, you can easily turn it over and quickly get directions. Although there is no shortage of such introductory teaching articles on the Internet, a systematically integrated teaching book, simple and concise text with illustrations, can clearly explain the knowledge of exposure, proper nouns, camera classification and operation principles. These knowledge, though not able to improve the quality of your work in a short time, is the most stable learning method.
(2) Use a focusing lens!
Many photographers also often suggest that anyone interested in photography go back to use film, whether it is a fool camera or a SLR camera, focusing on retrieving the original intention of photography through formal nostalgia. Including forcing you to learn manual exposure, concentrate on composition, cautious shutter, film photography as a constrained photography, forcing the photographer to think about each photograph, the meaning between each shutter and self. Through this ritual practice, we can better find the reason and goal of approaching photography. Why not use a zoom lens? The advantages of zoom mirror are not to say, it is convenient and low offensive. But zoom lenses deprive you of the ability to choose the focal length. It sounds bizarre, but in fact you're going to get lost in zooming and be afraid to move. Using zoom lenses, at first glance, is flexible in the use of various focal segments, but it is easy to trap the photographer in just standing at a fixed point can take a good picture of the trap.
Use different focusing lenses. Use a wide-angle lens to photograph scenery and dramatic events full of tension; use standard lenses in medium and long focal lenses to photograph people and daily life around you; and use long focal lenses to photograph all the subtle things you care about. Understand the effect of each focal segment, and then use a wide-angle mirror to photograph the interaction between people; use a standard mirror instead of your eyes to observe events; use a long focal segment to peep at the scenery and the world. Find the most appropriate focal length to measure the distance between you and the world you care about and develop your own photographic eye.
But here's a special reminder for single-eyed users. Generally speaking, fixing lens will be equipped with a large aperture, and the fascinating astigmatism created by a large aperture is easier to get lost in the shallow depth of field than zoom lens. Shallow depth of field does not mean good photographs. Understand the application of aperture, shutter and ISO sensitivity, and then try to use the field of vision in your hands.
(3) Use the best equipment!
But in fact, there is no best equipment in the field of photography. (Perhaps the most expensive) Usually senior photographers recommend that beginners start with basic equipment. In monocular terms, it is the so-called entry kit lens group (such as Canon's 100-digit series and Nikon's 1000-digit series, based on official data). I think digital SLR cameras have been graded from professional models to entry-level models. Although they are price-based product cutting, they are also the result of developed technology castration. That is to say, the user who buys the first-order SLR only buys the incomplete SLR.
You don't have to buy the best camera in class (but I recommend buying the best camera in your budget), try borrowing, renting, and then before shooting, find out what exactly are the features of this expensive but full-featured camera? What's the use of these functions? What's the difference between him and my own camera? What shortcomings did he make up for? What problems did he overcome?
The better the camera, his basic trend is to show better shooting quality and improve the success rate of shooting. But neither of them is about shooting. He is still an egg when he shoots an egg with a camera of 100,000 yuan, but the only moment when he shoots the scene of a special event with a convenience store of 150 yuan is art.
But when you know the gap between the best equipment and yourself, you can think about what I can overcome by myself. What I don't need? In this process, you can naturally improve your shooting skills. As for the beginners who are directly attacking the top, I recommend that you read the instructions attached to the product (thick but solid), and then use them as much as possible. The higher the camera, the more we can make up for many of our shortcomings, and more focused on the content of the photography itself.
(4) Eliminate photos!
You can not delete photos, but don't publish them rashly. The value of a photograph does not appear immediately in the current production system, but has different temporal and spatial values over time. So I don't think it's necessary to delete the unsatisfactory photos rashly. Maybe in a few years you'll have different ideas when you look back at these photos. But the elimination of photographs is always a step that can not be executed without cruelty before publishing a work. The act of eliminating photographs is itself a review and criticism of one's own photography. Just because of your own evaluation, please listen carefully to your voice and feel the connection between each photo and yourself. Take charge of your own criticism, but don't underestimate yourself and abandon yourself. The action of eliminating works is like eliminating gold from millions of fine sand. People only ask about gold, not how much sand is washed away behind it.
The elimination of photographs can be carried out in several stages: 300 out of a thousand, 100 out of 300, 50 out of a hundred, 10 out of 50, and one out of ten.
Every elimination is like cutting one's heart. It's clear that this one and this one are not different, but they must be one step forward and one step backward. In this process, you can clearly understand what you want? What elements do you really like? What do you really care about? What kind of photos make you happy? What kind of photographs do you share, publish and announce to the world, regardless of your inconsistency and righteousness?
The factors that affect this picture are not necessarily composition, presentation skills, or effects of equipment, or about an event. That factor will gradually emerge as silk and cocoon stripping in the selection of photographs over and over again. Don't upload or publish photos rashly anymore, just think about the relationship between them and you.
These four ways are the four directions that I think as a self-taught photographer, we can refer to and start to practice. The first three directions focus on the basic knowledge and equipment level. They are to understand the equipment, master the equipment and overcome the equipment. Finally, in view of the content of photography, the photographer is expected to carefully review his own achievements, and develop the habit of collating and eliminating his works, that is, the core spirit of fine photography, and restrain himself.
Finally, I wish all those who are interested in photography can find their own photography.