Formal Beauty of Detailed Linear Composition
- Oct 24, 2019
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Linear composition is one of the main methods in photography. Line is not only an objective visual phenomenon, but also a basic visual element of composition. It can divide the picture, create area, produce rhythm and express various symbolic functions in composition.
The character of the line is as follows: strong thick line, thin line; soft curve, straight line; heavy line, light light line; solid line static, broken line moving.
Such as: vertical lines, it symbolizes strong, solemn and powerful; horizontal lines symbolize quiet, broad, broad; slant lines symbolize the sense of dynamic and unstable, can also. Because of this, the diagonal line has a deep effect in the distance. Curves symbolize gentleness, romance and elegance, and give people a very beautiful feeling.
1. Golden Section
Previously, the golden section has been discussed, mainly in the application of linear structure, to enhance the perception of golden section in the linear.
In news photography, we often encounter linear images produced naturally or artificially, such as various linear images formed in nature, ranging from the horizon, rivers, mountains and rivers, to the physical structure of trees, leaves, flowers, animals and insects, especially the relationship between human structure. In the artificial environment, it can also be seen everywhere, such as the doors and windows of the building and the outline frame, wires, canals, cabinets, desks, books, newspapers, magazines and so on. Therefore, the application of golden ratio in news photography online composition is an effective way to reflect the aesthetic feeling.
2. Diagonal Composition
This is a very famous method of composition, in the corner composition in the picture, the diagonal relationship formed by lines, so that the picture produced a strong dynamic, showing a deep effect. Its perspective will also make the object of the shooting become oblique, guiding people's vision to the depth of the picture. In the composition of photographic pictures, besides the obvious oblique lines, there are also oblique lines of human visual perception, which are expressed in the shape, tone, light and other forms to produce visual Abstract lines. Therefore, the grasp of linearity is the key to the use of lines in photographic composition.
3. Horizontal Composition
The use of horizontal lines can produce symbolic meanings such as tranquility, breadth and breadth in the picture, but a single horizontal line can easily split the picture. In fact, horizontal lines often appear in photography, such as the horizon. Therefore, in photographic composition, it is taboo to cross the horizontal line from the center. Generally, it can be moved up or down to avoid the central position or "break a break" in photography is to arrange a form at a certain point of the horizontal line to break a section of the horizontal line. It is more difficult to master this single horizontal line, and the combination of multiple horizontal lines is easier and more interesting in photography. For example, when many horizontal lines are full of pictures, the main body position can be arranged on a section of a part of the line to cause the variation of some horizontal lines. The main body of this method is prominent and full of decorative effect.
4. Vertical Composition
Vertical line composition is more changeable than horizontal line composition, and single line also has the same shortcomings as horizontal line. But there are relatively more changes in multi-line. For example, symmetrical permutation perspective, multi-row perspective and so on can produce sometimes unimaginable effects.
Vertical line, which symbolizes strong, solemn and powerful; its photography faces more natural vertical lines than horizontal lines. Such as trees, poles, pillars and so on. The variation effect of vertical lines is very striking.
5. Curve Composition
The curve composition includes regular curve and irregular curve. Curves symbolize gentleness, romance and elegance, and give people a very beautiful feeling. Curves are widely used in photography. For example, human body photography is to present the curvilinear beauty of the human body. The texture of the form can produce beautiful pictures. The direction of the general axis of the curve must be paid special attention to when the composition is used. Its manifestation methods are various, such as diagonal, S, horizontal, vertical and so on. In addition, the comprehensive use of curves and other lines can produce more prominent results, but it is more difficult to grasp.
6. Composition of Irregular Lines
The composition of irregular lines is very troublesome. If you don't master it well, it's easy to mess up the picture. Irregular lines have various attributes. For example, chaotic, abstract, rational, mysterious and so on, a single irregular line also has visual guidance, if used properly, it will produce strange picture effect. If we fill the whole picture with disorderly and irregular lines, then we can arrange the simple main form in the appropriate position of the picture, which can produce a strong contrast effect, and at the same time, it will present an abstract and mysterious atmosphere of the picture.
Photographic composition tone
The tone of a photographic picture is the object, which consists of the tone between the light-receiving surface and the backlight surface formed by the illumination of the light source and the integral tone produced by the light-receiving of the whole picture. Under the natural light source (sun), there will be different acceptance surface and shadow tone. Therefore, the tone is directional, which can be divided into front light, side light and back light. Directional effect can also be produced under artificial light source, which is mainly the result of light application. Movie tone is the main factor that reflects the form of the picture, and it is also the basis of the beauty of photographic composition. From the perspective of the difference between photography and painting, we can understand the tone of the film. The difference between them is that painting uses paints and brushes to express the author's aesthetic consciousness and emotion by drawing on the canvas through people's subjective consciousness and skills. Photography is the direct ingestion of the real image by the camera; it records the image by the sensitive medium carried by the camera. The photographer himself reflects the aesthetic consciousness and emotion by the selection process of the image.
Therefore, painting is a picture formed by pigments; photography is a realistic image formed by light and shadow. There are two manifestations of tone in photographic pictures, one is integrity, the other is individuality. Both of them are interdependent and influence each other. Integrity occupies the main position. Photography is the tone formed on the screen by the action of light, showing the information and aesthetic consciousness contained in the whole and individual tone. And through the dissemination and display to reflect a specific information and aesthetic characteristics, this embodiment is two-way communication. One is the subject (the author himself) and the other is the object (the audience). It feels through the endowment of the subject and the object. Therefore, effective control of the tone, so that different tones in the picture, interrelated with each other, thus constituting a system, a visual picture of the relationship between the tone.
Movie tone is the basis of aesthetic consciousness and emotional expression in the picture, and also the basis of the study of photographic composition. In photographic pictures, the relationship between image and image, image and color, can produce an internal relationship through a certain combination of tones, and through tones to express beauty, to reflect an aesthetic feature. Movie tone is mainly reflected in five aspects in photographic pictures.
When choosing photographic pictures, we should fully consider the factors of foreground, mid-range, background and the main body. Too simple is tedious, and too complex is chaotic, which requires looking for a beautiful law of order between simplicity and complexity. Order is one of the laws of formal beauty. The order of form can be divided into two categories:
Principal and subordinate law
When people use cameras to aim at distant main peaks, especially when they use wide-angle lenses to view mountains, they have the feeling of small mountains. This kind of contrast between height and size naturally forms a kind of principal-subordinate relationship. The low peaks surround the high peaks.
That is to say, the diversity of forms can constitute the richness of vision and thus enhance visual interest. In the same picture, when shooting different shapes with great difference, the basic tone relationship of the image can be formed by adjusting the area and size ratio of the shapes through direction, distance and angle. In general, the main focus image plays a leading role, while other images play a complementary role. There are two main and subordinate, contrasting and foiling each other, thus constituting coordination.
Law of unity
A good news picture should not only have individuality, but also have commonality. It is not rigid to express individuality and seek change on the basis of commonality. Find the same thing in different, find different things in the same. This means that the overall tone of the picture should be consistent, but the details should be changed differently. In the form expression of news photography pictures, by using the principle of "approximation" and "gradual change", a close internal relationship between images can be formed, resulting in a corresponding image group, which has both rich and varied characteristics and uniform image tone.
2. Black and white tones
Black-and-white tone refers to the general tendency of the relationship between image lightness in photographic composition, such as black-and-white photography. Black can be expressed by 0 degrees and white by l0 degrees. After its image is illuminated by light, different light-receiving surfaces form different black and white tones, which produce nine different kinds of gray with equal brightness. In this way, we can get eleven lightness series color marks from black to white. This lightness color label is divided into three sections, from 0 to 3 degrees, called the low lightness area; from 10 to 7 degrees, called the high lightness area; from 4 to 6 degrees in the middle, called the medium lightness area. The difference between the three color levels is called the weak lightness contrast (also called the low-key contrast). The difference between lightness contrast is between 3 and 5 lightness orders, which is the contrast of lightness (also known as halftone contrast). The difference of lightness contrast is the strong contrast of lightness (also called high-profile contrast) when the lightness contrast is above 5 lightness levels. Different pitches of lightness make people feel different. Such as: high-profile clear, open, clear, low-key dull, depressive; low-key has a strong explosive force; the middle tone gives a fantastic impression. In photographic composition, the use of different tones to organize the relationship between the pictures can form different effects of the pictures.
3. Color tone
In the form expression of photographic composition picture, especially color photography, color plays an extremely important role in rendering the atmosphere of the picture and conveying some information. In addition to the brightness relationship, there are many factors that constitute the color tone of the picture, such as color, purity, cold and warm, area, light and so on. In general, the composition of tones depends first on which color is the largest in the picture. Large area, dominant color, can constitute the main tone of the color relationship of the picture. In this clear main tone, according to the arrangement of other color points in the picture. In the color phase circle, the color close to each other has strong harmony and contrast. Usually, it is customary to divide the color correlation of different distances and angles from small to large into the same color (the distance in the color ring is 15). The relative relation of colors around the angle, the adjacent colors (the distance in the color phase ring is 45). The relative colorimetric relationship and heterochrome (the distance in the chromatic phase ring is 120). Up to 197. The relative relation of colors and complementary colors (the distance in the color phase loop is 180). The color relative relation of the angle.
Among them, the strongest color relation is the distance of 180. Complementary colors of corners. The contrast of the same color can be regarded as a link to harmonize and connect the hues.
For the hue composition of color pictures with small volume difference in color relation and far distance in color phase circle, the same color factor is introduced into the contradictory and contrasting color relation to produce the color connection of different qualities, thus generating some generality and forming a tone. For example, in a pair of complementary red and green with strong stimulation, the same colours as white, grey or black, blue, yellow, red and green can be blended to produce harmony.
(1) Mixing the same color into the heterogeneous colors strengthens the "blood relationship" of their appearance.
(2) In heterogeneous color pictures, the same color is used for decoration and embellishment, thus forming the visual assimilation effect of color.
(2) Coherence of the same color around the heterogeneous color areas makes it impossible for the contradictory colors to contact directly.
(4) Adding some colors between heterogeneous colors in the color-phase ring to the picture, so that it can coordinate and gradually change the contradictions of heterogeneous colors.
The relationship of color purity also has a strong influence on the tone formation of different color relations, and the difference of the purity of the same color phase gives people different feelings. In the expression of color tones, the richness of color tones at different levels can be formed by the combination of different purity relations.
In the form of photographic composition, the determination of color tone should mainly be based on image. According to the function of picture form, it is necessary to combine with the law of formal beauty and consider all kinds of relationship factors comprehensively so as to make the tone of color the expression language of picture form.
4. Movie Performance Skills
To express different picture artistic conception, it needs different morphological structure, different colors, different processing methods and different performance skills. Taking the prototype of the same kind of life as the material, if we use different expressive techniques to deal with it, we can form different visual texture, different aesthetic characteristics and give people different psychological feelings. The diversification of skills can enrich the expressive language of formal beauty, help to express the unique style, help to improve the visual interest of the image of the picture, and enhance the expressive and appealing force of the form of the picture.
There are many techniques for the performance of tone. The change of camera's direction, angle and position will bring different changes of light, and change the effect of tone. If changing lens, photographic film or choosing chromoscope, the performance space will be widened. Admittedly, although there are many techniques of picture tone expression, in the form of specific photographic pictures, we should choose the form and effect of the picture according to the needs of the subject, in order to effectively achieve the harmony and unity of content and form.
5. Mobilization of Shadows
Everything in the universe has laws of motion and change. Photographic composition should also embody this movement law, because photography is a combination of objective and subjective form of picture expression, and the combination of its picture form can not be separated from the basic law of the movement of the material world. Correctly understand the natural law and adapt to it.
In the performance of photographic composition, a kind of performance of momentum is achieved through tone, but in the performance of tone, the local tone should be subordinated to the overall tone; through the beauty of contrast, harmony, rhythm, rhythm, ratio, balance and movement... The comprehensive application of the principle of seeking change in unity and unification in change can creatively express the aesthetic sense of momentum in photographic pictures.
The subject of photographic object comes from objective existence. In the form of pictures, we should create and perfect pictures boldly and rationally. In this process, there is still a process of picture arrangement, that is, the problem of tailoring. The choice of tailoring is a partial increase or decrease of the overall organizational relationship of the picture form, so as to achieve that each part is subordinate to the needs of the whole.
In short, composition is the main aspect of photography becoming a masterpiece, which is well known to all photographers. Understanding and quick reflection of photographic composition should be a necessary quality for photographers.