Experience of City Nightscape Shooting
- Oct 25, 2019
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Many beginners of photography will think that night scenery is more difficult to control than the sun scenery. The sun scenery can pick up the camera and take pictures easily, but the night scenery can not be taken without a scaffold, but also the shutter line, and the pictures are either too light or too dark. In fact, as long as you master some skills, beginners can easily take a picture of the night scene.
In order to shoot a city night scene, we usually need to prepare the scaffolding and shutter line, and the lens is basically not too restrictive, but it is better to prepare a wide-angle lens. It is worth mentioning the scaffolding aspect. The camera bag can be hooked to the central axis of the scaffold to strengthen the center of the scaffold. On the other hand, sometimes encounter some situations, such as the scaffolding is not high enough, we can consider the strain method, so that the camera can shoot steadily. Sometimes I put two feet of the scaffold against the railings, and the whole camera is stuck outside the fence. But remember, safety is the most important thing, and don't drop the camera. The camera can be tied up with a camera neckband, and then when shooting, hold the shutter line in one hand and the camera belt in the other.
City night scene, here refers to the light reflected by the exterior walls of high-rise buildings, together with photographs taken by different buildings. To take such photographs, one must first consider where to take them. Think about how many tall buildings there are (see, not in a group of tall buildings). Simply cite two popular places as examples. One is the Peak of Taiping, overlooking the view of Victoria Harbour; the other is Starlight Avenue in Tsim Sha Tsui. Both are hot spots for tourists and for shooting. The top of the mountain has a high-down view, while the Starlight Avenue has a horizontal view.
Determine the location and arrive at the scene. First look for the lights to see if there is a special light source or special reflective effect. Facing the tall and average buildings, try to choose one of them as the main body, such as special tall, special color, special brightness and so on.
The weather is basically no problem, even if it rains, you can shoot it. If the sky is clear and clear, the sky will be darker, and there will be a strong contrast with the lights of the building; if the sky has haze, the sky will be lighter. In terms of clouds, it's ideal to have a little cloud, but not a dense one. With the slow shutter, cloud flow can also be photographed.
This is a beginner's introduction, so I hope to let beginners touch the scope of night scenery as much as possible, and then to explore, so the settings will be as simple as possible. To determine the setting of each photo, the aperture value, shutter value and ISO value should be considered first.
ISO first said ISO, because we have used the scaffolding, so it will not make the photos blurred by hand shocks, because of this, we can simply set the ISO value to 100.
When the aperture decides the aperture, the depth of field is usually taken into account. In the night scene, because the scenery is too far away from the camera, many times after focusing, the camera has been set to infinite distance, even the scenery has front and back, but because the foremost scenery also has a long distance, so even if the maximum aperture is used, the photograph is taken. The film is basically not blurred, but because of the existence of the scaffolding, we do not have to worry about the shutter too slow, so the aperture can be narrowed to get a higher clarity, and a narrower aperture, also help to play the lens's ultimate quality. In terms of settings, it is suggested that you consider setting between f/7.1-f/11. If other situations need to be considered, such as stretching the lines of street lights, it can also be set to about f/16. If you still think it is difficult to decide, you can set the aperture to f/9 directly, which is a very safe setting.
Shutter shutter is the most important consideration. First of all, it is necessary to determine the brightness of the scene environment and whether the lighting of the building will be too bright or too dark. At this time, only depend on the experience of the shooter to decide, the time is 5 seconds to 2 minutes. This may sound complicated, but the success of this night scene depends largely on the shutter setting. It is suggested that you can decide a shutter value by yourselves. After shooting, you can refer to the finished picture. If the shutter is too light, it will slow down. If the shutter is too dark, you can lengthen the shutter. Practice this way, and you will soon know how long each night scene needs to be exposed.
On the camera side, you can also set the exposure delay mode (the name of Nikon) to reduce the vibration caused by the rise of the reflector.
In addition, you can also turn on the camera's option to reduce exposure noise for a long time. Because the longer the exposure time is, the more noise will be. This function is used to reduce the resulting noise, but it should be noted that this function will be processed after each photograph is taken. The general time is equal to the exposure time, that is, exposure for 1 minute, processing for 1 minute; exposure for 1 hour, processing for 1 hour.
In the aspect of white balance, if we don't know it well, we suggest shooting RAW file first, shooting with automatic white balance, and then adjusting the white balance with computer after shooting. Nightscape lighting is unpredictable, there is no set value, I am used to manual setting of white balance K number. In terms of the number set by the camera, the less the number, the colder the color of the photo is (bluer). On the contrary, the bigger the number, the warmer the color of the photo is (redder). Take RAW file and adjust it with the computer to see the difference of each setting, so as to realize the effect of different white balance.
In terms of P/A/S/M mode, although many people use aperture precondition to shoot, it is still recommended to choose M mode for urban night scenery. At night, the contrast between each building and the sky is different, so if you shoot with aperture precondition, the camera may not be able to correctly determine the shutter value, and aperture precondition will not set the shutter value of more than 30 seconds, which will only limit the shooting situation, so we should choose M mode, self-determined aperture and shutter directly. Value is relatively safe, the shutter is simply adjusted to Bulbo with the shutter line for exposure.
There is no theorem or formula in photography, so it is necessary to try it personally. Every scene is different. There is no unique shooting method. This article only belongs to the reference nature, hoping to arouse the novice's interest in night scene shooting and solve simple shooting problems. After successfully taking a night scene photo, you can study each set value by yourself to get the desired effect.