Composition methods commonly used in portrait photography
- Dec 10, 2019
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Composition is to adjust the distance, angle, position, light and shadow as well as color of the shooting, so as to coordinate the elements of characters and environment in a picture as far as possible. For portrait photography, composition is to fully highlight the theme of the work through a variety of methods, highlight the characters, abandon some trivial and minor things, and better convey the image information that the photographer wants.
Common Composition Methods
The basic theory of Golden Section Composition comes from the Golden Ratio - 1:1.618. Golden Ratio is mainly used to express "harmony", such as in the fields of architecture, painting, clothing design and so on. The golden section ratio in photography can make the photograph feel more natural, comfortable and attractive to viewers. There are many ways to express the golden section composition in photographic composition. The most commonly used compositions include "golden spiral" and "golden nine palaces". This photograph is taken in the form of a golden Nine-palace grid. When the sun sets, the backlight just highlights the characters in the background. The main body of the characters is at the intersection of the golden ratio. The sea level is also at the horizontal line of the golden ratio. The ship's direction is in line with the model's line of sight, just in the diagonal line. Position, so that the picture has an extended visual effect.
Tripartite composition Tripartite composition is actually a simplified version of "Golden Section", also known as the Nine Palace Lattice Composition. We can often see it in the camera's built-in reference line. Trisection composition can be divided into transverse trisection and longitudinal trisection. When taking portraits, the horizontal and vertical images are divided into three equal parts. The trunk of the main body can be placed on each segmentation line. Placing the characters at one of the four intersecting points can highlight the main body of the characters more clearly. This picture is taken in the middle of the picture, the characters are placed at the right intersection, so that the picture has a comfortable and quiet feeling, the shooting of the back shadow to remove the expression of the characters makes the viewer more imaginative.
Tripartite composition is not only suitable for shooting large scenes, but also for shooting close-ups and local close-ups. The visual center is placed at the intersection point, and the eyes are usually placed at the intersection point when shooting close-ups. The intense color of clothes and bodies, one arm, and the extension of legs along the dividing line make it easy to focus on red clothes, which is to use color, point, line and other ways to guide the viewer's visual center.
Triangle composition triangle composition is a typical form of composition in portrait photography, which is divided into regular triangle, inverted triangle and oblique triangle. When shooting, a triangle is formed by using the body or gesture of the subject. This kind of composition has a strong sense of stability and upward impact. The face of a person is usually located at the top of a triangle as the visual center, which is the most commonly used way to make a portrait. The model lowers her head and tidies socks so that the head, feet and buttocks are naturally divided into regular triangles, so that the visual center of gravity of the picture naturally concentrates in the triangle area, and the backlight also creates a transparent atmosphere for the picture. The triangle composition can be realized not only by body movements, but also by clothing props. The arm of the model and the blown hairline show a very stable triangle shape with the balustrade.
Guiding line composition is to use lines to guide the viewer's eyes and create the depth of the picture. The guide line is not necessarily a specific line, but everything that has direction and continuity can be called a guide line. In reality, roads, rivers, colors, shadows and even human eyes can be used as guides. The picture above is a curved extension of the Zhongqiao Cave. With the change of the foreground and background caused by the lines, the depth of the picture is enhanced and interesting.
Diagonal composition is also a kind of guide line composition. If the guide line is distributed along the diagonal direction of the picture, it becomes a diagonal composition. This is not a specific line composition. When the model is lying down to shoot, the body is mainly in the diagonal line of the picture. The hand on the top of the head is also a further extension of the line.
Blank composition is to leave a certain blank in the composition of the picture. In fact, this blank is not a blank in the actual sense. It is usually displayed through a large area of the same-tone scenery in the environment, such as the sky, the sea, mountains, grasslands, land, etc. White space can make the picture more comfortable and natural in the vision. The photographer can use the white space to better control the rhythm and mood of the picture and leave more imagination space for the viewer to feel this artistic conception. The picture above is a common method of blank-keeping in the long-term vision. It uses three-point composition to make large-area blank-keeping in the sky. Chinese painting pays attention to blank-keeping most. Therefore, shooting the ancient wind with blank-keeping method can better reflect the sense of tranquility and remoteness. In the background of the picture, the sky merges with the lake water, which is also a large area of blank space. The movement of the model is a kind of dynamic. Although it is a central composition, it is also rich in the content of the picture through the combination of dynamic and static.
Compact composition, which is used in photographs where the main body of a character occupies a large area of the picture, can make the picture very full. It is often used in close-range photography. The eyes of the characters are on the top of the picture and make the whole character full of the picture. There are many applications of foreground composition in portrait photography. Photographers pay much more attention to the foreground than the background. Generally, foreground composition is divided into two kinds. One is to use foreground to render the atmosphere of the picture. Generally, flowers, leaves or other things are used to block the foreground, and large apertures are used to make the foreground virtual. Only highlighting the main body adds a sense of space to the picture, but also makes the picture more dreamy and beautiful. Another way is to make the picture more storytelling, using small aperture appropriately, combining virtual reality and reconstructing the prospects at the same time can highlight the focus. Frame composition is also a kind of foreground application. The window of tent forms an entity frame. The virtual foreground gives people a kind of hazy and beautiful feeling. The picture level is more abundant, which strengthens the space sense of the picture. If there is no prefix of leaves, only stairs and characters are very interesting. The foreground of leaves is used to explain the seasonal atmosphere. The picture is more vivid through the contrast of colors and virtual reality. This is the way to make the picture and the sense of story. This kind of composition makes people feel that in the picture of watching a movie, as if at the next moment a girl will look back at a boy.
Mirror composition is usually shot with this kind of composition. The main body is the mirror image in the mirror. Then, a little part of the body is used to make the foreground. The combination of foreground and mirror image creates rich levels and expands the picture space. At the same time, it is also a kind of frame composition, so that viewers focus on the main part of the characters. The picture in the mirror in the above picture is specially darkened to the environment, so that the theme of the characters is prominent in the center of the frame, showing a feeling of looking at pictures. The window in the background picture in the mirror is also a bright spot, which increases the depth of the picture.
Creating dynamic moving objects can attract people's attention most. It's also a better way to shoot moving characters. Especially in the broader scenes, moving characters can make the picture live and make the characters seem to stay in a moment. This kind of photograph is more vivid than the pendulum photograph. 。 Dynamics can be the dynamics of characters, or the flying hair or skirt corners and so on. Characters in the picture in the running pace, floating hair and balloons, so that the picture becomes lively and natural, a good expression of the photo theme in the relaxed and happy atmosphere, in the shooting of fresh movies can make more use of this dynamic, so that the picture more vivid. The ribbon flying with the wind in this picture can make people feel the environment, make the picture feel desolate, and express the complex emotional changes of the characters.
Secondary composition is what should be done before pressing the shutter, but beautiful things often happen in an instant. Sometimes in the process of shooting, due to the limitations of distance or equipment, as well as the scene and other conditions, the ideal picture is not taken. We can tailor the photos and make a second composition at the later stage. Sometimes ordinary photographs become special after being cut. It can be said that a successful secondary composition can save or sublimate a photograph. Before the second composition, the picture is cluttered and not focused, the body part and the face are not very harmonious, and the outline of the face taken from this angle is strange. In order to make the picture clean, only the middle position of the face is left when cutting, and the position of the outline is cut off, so that the visual center falls in the position of eyes and mouth, giving people a clean and cool feeling. The original composition is a trisection method, which places the eyes at the intersection point. This kind of composition can also be done, but I hope that looking back can give people a sense of killing, the atmosphere of this composition picture seems more mediocre, not so fierce. The method of compact composition is used to cut the picture, so that the eyes of the characters are in the upper right corner, there is a kind of top-down sense of oppression. Let the picture be in a tense atmosphere.
Secondary composition is easy to use, but we still need to develop the habit of composing before the shutter. It is not possible to adjust the composition in the later stage. In the earlier stage, we can shoot freely, but in the later stage, it is only auxiliary. Pre-cultivation of a better sense of shooting, in order to slowly let themselves grow.