Advanced photography composition different frame composition
- Dec 11, 2019
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The frame is all that the photographer wants to express in the photos, and the frame is divided into the physical frame of the camera viewing window and the frame composed of the photographer's attentive eyes and timing space. In essence, the photos that eliminate the physical frame limit are the frame that starts from the photographer's heart. The vision of seeing the world, the heart that moves towards the world and the contact with the world belong to the heart Just as the more you know, the wider the world you can see, the psychological framing ability will vary according to the photographer's sensibility and literary quality. Let's tell you a variety of different frame composition.
If there is a continuous point or line in the picture, the general people's vision will move along the line, just like when we drive to see the sign, we will naturally follow it. In this way, the frame made by human psychology is a Gestalt frame, and the Gestalt principles that can be used in the picture are proximity, similarity, continuity and Closeness.
This is bakthab, Nepal. It's a quiet afternoon when all the tourists have left. It's quite a charming place. In the movie "little living Buddha", most of the urban scenes where Sakyamuni lived before he became a monk are shot here. The picture shows the scene of ceramic ware in the sun. Ceramic ware like this has the proximity principle of creating lines.
When the objects are gathered together or extended, our brain will see them as connected visually. If there is a little extension in the picture, the human eye will see them as lines or specific patterns, because of the proximity principle. In addition, when a point or form is adjacent, it does not appear to be an independent individual. Generally speaking, we tend to see the whole as a form.
Photos can only present the three-dimensional world as a two-dimensional plane. Therefore, when the people or main targets in the photos overlap with each other, the brain will not regard them as individual targets. Because it is regarded as a form, if we want to use the proximity principle to express visually, we only need to approach the shooting target to construct. On the contrary, if you want to abandon the principle of proximity, you only need to do it under the allocation framework where the shooting targets will not overlap. Things like military review, queuing, or continuity can be seen as examples of proximity principles.
Principle of similarity
The picture below shows the scene before the traditional dance of Qiang, Qiang and Shuiyue is ready for the celebration of Ming Liang and Dajie in southern Hainan. Just like this picture, when they have similar shapes, sizes and colors, the human eye will connect them, and when the similarity is repeated, they will be regarded as the same pattern. If there are elements that reflect the pattern, it will be interesting, but also strongly eye-catching. Please try to pay attention to the hand on the shoulder.
Principle of continuity
The continuous nature or state is called continuity. If the small dots or similar sized shooting targets are continuously connected, they will look like a line. If the shooting targets form a group and create a continuous line, the viewer's vision will be concentrated and move along the line. Even if the size and shape are different, if it is continuous, the human eye will create the imaginary line, and the line of sight will move with it. Rudolf Arnheim, a German art and film critic, holds the following view on Continuity: "when we need to make a choice on the various sense of continuity of a line, we often choose the direction that does not destroy its inherent structure and can most maintain an inertia to proceed. This is what anheum said about continuity.
In 2004, the students in the dance class of xuanhuayi middle school performed the Fairy Dance. They showed the principle of continuity through the space compression effect of the telescopic lens, and attracted the audience's attention with the lines formed by the dancers.
Principle of closure
When we are in the dark, we will instinctively look for the bright place, so when we enter the cave, our eyes will naturally face the entrance of the light. In addition, if there is a window in the enclosed space, the line of sight will also naturally face the window, which is the psychological response of human beings to escape from the enclosed space. If human psychology is applied to the frame of a picture like this, it is the so-called closed principle. At present, many photographers use this principle to make use of the frame flexibly.
Although the principles of proximity, similarity, continuity and closeness that can be applied to Gestalt frames can be used separately, they may also be repeated. Some shooting targets show similarity, continuity and closeness while forming proximity. Just understanding the principle of Gestalt frame does not guarantee that good photos can be taken, because it is not an end, but a means to achieve an end. Even though I didn't know this principle before, I still took many good works. The most important thing is to be able to skillfully use various skills in photography through research and practice.
Tbilisi, Georgia, scene of international train arriving at the station. When you stop in the cave, you will instinctively focus your eyes on the bright outside, which is the result of people's psychology of trying to get rid of the closed space. So if you use the frame to apply the principle of closure like this, you can bring the effect of focusing your eyes on the frame.
Over shoulder frame
Try to imagine that you are on your mother's back and looking at the children around you. When we look around, your mother's head and shoulders will definitely cause considerable obstruction in the line of sight. So the over shoulder frame is to use its inconveniences to go the opposite way. It seems that it will avoid the inconvenient and inconvenient shooting targets in front, and then let the viewer focus on the picture Central.
When using this framework, we need to pay attention to the following:
Among the main shooting targets to be expressed, the auxiliary shooting target of the over shoulder frame is preferably arranged at the most edge. It is more effective to set the auxiliary shooting target on the left side of the screen, and the main shooting target on the right third of the back. Heinrich Wolfflin, a Swiss art historian, said that "under the same conditions, our vision usually moves from left to right. "The main shooting target should be really focused, but if the auxiliary shooting target of the over shoulder frame is out of focus, the effect will be better. This is because our eyes have the shooting target that can avoid the blurry things due to out of focus and turn to the sharp focus. The main shooting target is better to be bright. The darker and less clear the auxiliary shooting target of the over shoulder frame is, the better it will be. This is because our eyes in this case have the characteristics of transferring the vision to the bright and distinct shooting target.
Therefore, the over shoulder frame (auxiliary shooting target) of the panorama is out of focus, dark and unclear, which is a frame that can make the vision avoid the unclear objects in front, and turn the vision to a brighter and clearer centering shooting target. It's the opposite of the Gestalt frame that naturally attracts people's attention, such as line, shape and contrast. It's also a skill often used by professional photographers. So if it's applied on site, it has the effect of focusing on the center of the picture.
Xigaze, Tibet, a Tibetan who comes to the market to buy things. The black hair of the person on the left plays the role of the over shoulder frame, so as to guide the viewer to move his eyes to the person in the center; the auxiliary characters playing the over shoulder frame are more effective when they are darker, blurred and out of focus.
The structure composed of left and right symmetrical shooting targets centered on the central axis can give people a quiet and balanced sense of stability. However, the asymmetric structure will cause visual tension in the process of trying to repair the asymmetry. In order to show the tension and dynamic, the technique of setting the main shooting target at the edge of the picture is called edge frame. This technique is to deliberately set the main shooting target in the corner of the picture, so as to increase the tension or give the disappearing aftertaste. Peace often sets the main shooting target in the center, and this framework focuses more on the surrounding parts.