A Simple Square Composition Rule

Posted by Adminluckinartist on

How is the composition of a square different from the usual 3:2, 4:3? Let's talk about this today.

A Brief Introduction to Square CompositionA Simple Square Composition Rule

The world of 1:1

Square, or 1:1 composition, is a stable composition method in the eyes of many veteran players. In fact, there are probably two main reasons.

A Simple Square Composition Rule

First, because there is no relationship between long side and short side, the problem of straight banners is not concerned in composition. So when considering composition, you can think less about one thing and one variable, and of course you will have less chance of making a wrong choice.

Secondly, the composition of squares can be easily found if the level is unstable, and it is particularly eye-catching. So in the composition of the square, it is not difficult to find that many times the level of photographs are as accurate as possible, and the level of stable photographs is, of course, stable.

A Simple Square Composition Rule

This seems to be a very robust way of composition, but I have heard many friends say that when they first used Canon EOS66 to take photos, they would feel a little laborious. The price of 120 negatives is hard to say, but I want to talk about the problems that ordinary friends will encounter, and introduce the common way of shooting composition. Remember, it's just a simple introduction. After learning the basics, the other way is to go out by yourself.

I. Common Composition Problems

1. Without the banner, the photograph feels narrower.

Pictures come from the smell of filmA Simple Square Composition Rule

This is a very, very common problem. Because many times, people are misled by the pictures. It seems that many friends will say that the photographs taken by the camera are very wide, but in fact, it depends on what angle the lens can give you.

Pictures come from the smell of filmA Simple Square Composition Rule

This picture was originally a 6 × 6 picture, but there were a lot of vacancies up and down. It didn't feel very good, so I finally decided to cut the vacancies up and down. It becomes a longer sense. Does it look like it's very wide? No, it's just a standard 80mm (135 to 44mm) lens. So, in fact, the width of the photo is affected by the lens's angle of view, and the scale of the film has nothing to do with it.

2. Waist-level perspective seems not to be used to it.

A Simple Square Composition Rule

For the first time, many friends tried to take a square view. They thought that the camera they used should be TLR or Hasu SLR. That's not true. First of all, not all 6x6 lengths are waist-level, as if Mamiya 6 or some other cameras are 6 X6 lengths of eye-level cameras. Moreover, if you say that binocular cameras, in fact, they also have some eye-level viewing practices / components can be added, but it is not so convenient.

II. Introduction Rules of Simple Composition

Okay, let's start something about composition. Because without the consideration of horizontal and vertical, we just skip over it and start to talk about some simple methods and things we should probably pay attention to.

1. Level 2/3

In fact, this is not different from the general trichotomy, the intention is to use the front and back of the screen to create a sense of hierarchy.

SemflexA Simple Square Composition Rule

Roop 2.8/PRO400HA Simple Square Composition Rule

Like this one, at first it looks like the whole horizontal line behind it is uneven, which actually makes people feel very strange. Fortunately, however, there was a boat ahead that distracted the focus.

A Simple Square Composition Rule

Remember to do your best to be level, unless the lines on the screen feel less obvious.

YASHICA MAT-124G/160NCA Simple Square Composition Rule

In this case, the level is not very good. Because the horizontal line is not obvious, it can not effectively affect the perspective of the projection of the picture.

2. We should pay attention to the size of the subject.

The spatial representation of subjects in photographs is a very important subject. Why?

A Simple Square Composition Rule

Because when we make up a picture in front of a square, it's very common to put the main body in the center. This approach is rare in long-sided photographs, but the size of the subject in the middle of the photograph has a great impact on the feeling of the whole photograph.

Pictures come from the smell of filmA Simple Square Composition Rule

The advantage of grasping the level is that people have a sense of peace and stability, and giving the appropriate space around the main body will produce different feelings of presentation. It seems that the ratio of this one will give people a quiet feeling.

A Simple Square Composition Rule

Pictures come from the smell of filmA Simple Square Composition Rule

However, when the picture is larger, it will make you feel more intimate. And the sense of space around will be narrowed, and the sense of relative distance from the picture will also be reduced.

3. Up/Down

A Simple Square Composition Rule

Let's start with downward shooting. In this case, because of the angle change, we can try to find some diagonal / angular positions as the transition positions in the photos. This will make the photograph's sense of space appear.

A Simple Square Composition Rule

Because the function of oblique line in such pictures is a hint to guide the viewer to feel the perspective before and after.

A Simple Square Composition Rule

As for the upward, most of what you can see is the sky, so you should pay attention to the proportion of the sky in the picture.

A Simple Square Composition Rule

It can take only a small part or a little more.

A Simple Square Composition Rule

Or use high-rise lines to create effects.

4. Traditional left-right allocation

This applies to the composition of squares. However, there are many changes that can be made.

A Simple Square Composition Rule

It can be arranged on the left or on the right.

A Simple Square Composition Rule

Pictures come from the smell of filmA Simple Square Composition Rule

It's also possible to jump out of the frame, but this may require a tool to shoot at a macro distance.

5. Pay attention to the perception of depth-of-field Perspective

Paying attention to the perspective of depth of field is important for a photograph, regardless of the size of the film. Because there is no difference between perspective and drawing a plane, there are many ways to create perspective. Maybe it can be achieved by using the line aids of the picture, but also by controlling the depth of field.

A Simple Square Composition Rule

A Simple Square Composition Rule

The effect of lines can present the feeling very well.

Pictures come from the smell of filmA Simple Square Composition Rule

This is a good example of putting the subject in the center and creating a sense of front and back.


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