It is said that good photographs are based on inspiration and talent, but in fact this is only one aspect. Skills can't be ignored either. Here are 38 basic skills training techniques for photographers.
Unit 1 Basic Photography Skills Training
Training 1. Panoramic depth exercise subjects: general scenery, flowers, urban buildings and other scenery with strong impact. Requirements: All the pictures are in real focus. Suggestion: First use wide-angle lens: 24MM - 35MM shooting, aperture: F11 - 16, aperture priority AE mode.
Training 2. Single Focus Practice Requirements: Focus only on the main subject, shallow depth of field. Suggestion: Medium telescope lens: more than 85MM, aperture F5.6 or larger. Aperture priority AE mode.
Training 3. Fixed-frame exercise subjects: sports events, walking cars, trains, flowing water, waterfalls, etc. Requirement: Record the instantaneous action or expression of the intensely moving object. Suggestion: High-speed shutter more than 1/1000 seconds, shutter speed priority AE mode. Training 4. Motion exercises subjects: sports events, dynamic people, flowing water, waterfalls, etc. Requirements: Athletes and dynamic human body part of the virtual or physical background virtual. Flowing water, waterfalls and so on have streamlined feeling. Suggestion: Slow shutter 1/15-11 seconds. Practice from 1/30 seconds, then 1/15, 1/8, 1/4, 1/2, 1 second by seconds. Use tripod.
Training 5. Viewing practice requirements: highlighting the theme, concise pictures, can convey the atmosphere of the scene being photographed, is the basis of composition training. Suggestion: Telescope lens, large aperture.
Training 6. Close-up exercises subjects: flowers, still life, insects, etc. Requirements: The proportion of the object in the picture is as large as possible, highlighting the shape and interesting parts of the object, high definition. Suggestion: Use the macro lens or macro function and close-up contact ring, the shortest photographic distance, and keep the lens parallel to the subject. Use tripod and shutter line.
Unit 2 Picture Composition and Composition Training
Exercise 8. Cross and vertical composition of subjects: scenery, mountains and rivers, architecture, characters, etc. Requirements: Use horizontal composition to express the sense of stability and breadth, and vertical composition to express the sense of depth and height. The picture can not have useless space. Suggestions: 1. Compare the different feelings of the work by using horizontal and vertical composition of the same subject. 2. In transverse composition, the lens above the standard focus is used to express the sense of stability, and the wide-angle lens is used to express the sense of breadth. 3. Wide-angle lens should be used when the vertical composition expresses the depth and height sensation, and attention should be paid to the position configuration of the near-range and the long-range in the picture. In composition, special attention should be paid to horizontal and vertical use of tripods.
Exercise 9. Triangle Composition Subjects: Triangle or Triangle-like Scenery, Architecture, Character Modeling, etc. Requirements: The use of triangles in different positions in the screen configuration, the performance of a sense of stability, dynamic, high and broad sense. Suggestions: 1. There are triangular shapes which are easy to recognize in the picture. The complex objects formed by triangles should have solid focus and a sense of balance. 2. Wide-angle lens under 20MM is used for tall and slender scenery such as tall buildings and roads. 3. Use depth of field prediction function.
Exercise 10. Symmetrical Composition Subjects: All scenes, figures, buildings with symmetrical composition. Requirements: Use the symmetrical composition of upper and lower left and right to express the sense of stability and surreal artistic conception. Suggestions: 1. Choose graceful symmetrical shape, the focus of both sides of symmetrical shape should be solid, and each symmetrical shape should be obvious. 2. Make the best use of the lens above the standard focus. When using the angular lens, we should pay attention to keeping the camera parallel to the object. 3. Polarizer 4 is used to photograph the symmetrical composition of the shore and water. Tripod is used to obtain the panoramic depth.
Unit 3: Light Training Unit 1
Exercise 16. Indoor and Night Lighting Photography Subjects: Gatherings under Indoor Lighting and Night Scenes under Urban Lighting, etc. Requirements: Use color temperature to create unique (reddish) atmosphere invisible to the naked eye indoors and under night lights. Suggestion: The layout of the light in the picture should be as uniform as possible. It is better to use ISO400 film when snapping still life without strong light source near the lens and no strong light entering the lens. If you want to get works that are faithful to the original color, use 80A filter to correct the color temperature. Exposure can't be done. Reference: Color temperature: sunny day = 5500K, cloudy day = 6500K, morning and evening = 4500K, general lighting = 2800K. Exercise 17. Sunrise, sunset and night scenery subjects: sunrise, mountains under sunset, coastline, natural scenery and night scenery. Requirements: To fully reflect the atmosphere of the day and night, to reproduce the gorgeous scenery of the night and day, can not have surplus objects into the picture, it is best not to halo. Suggestion: use manual, basically the aperture is about f8-11, AE aperture is preferred, focus is adjusted to infinity in the long-term, point light source within 10m and other objects that are most easy to see are facing banana, use tripod, multiple exposures can be considered. Exercise 18. White object subjects: snow, white beach, white flowers and other white objects. Requirements: Clearly reproduce the texture and tone of white objects. Suggestion: According to the measured exposure, the appropriate exposure compensation, according to the proportion of white objects in the picture and your intention to show the work is generally 0. 5~1. Between 5EV, black and white objects in the picture are adjusted according to their respective proportions.
Unit 4: Light Training II
Exercise 22. Application of Extreme Exposure Subjects: All Subjects Wanting High-profile or Low-profile Performance. Requirements: Photography intentions and themes should be clear, the need to adopt a high-profile or low-profile should be considered, and the atmosphere of the subject should be coordinated. Suggestions: High-profile exposure compensation from 0 ~+2.0, low-profile exposure compensation from 0 ~-2.0, through sectional exposure, grasp the effects of exposure compensation under various conditions. Exercise 23. The trajectory of light is subject: night moving cars, boats, stars, fireworks, etc. Requirements: Fluent expression of light flow, light streamline color, shape, size and the surrounding atmosphere to coordinate, exposure to appropriate. Suggestion: Use the average photometry and the central part of the key photometry mode. The aperture can also be set to F4 or F5.6 with exposure of 30 seconds to 2 minutes. Fireworks generally use ISO 100 film with aperture between F5.6 and F11. The exposure time of the sky can be as long as 1 to 2 hours. All above make tripod. Exercise 24. Objects with lighting: buildings and plants illuminated by lighting at night in cities. Requirements: The angle of view should reflect the charm of the subject, choose the exposure that can fully express the atmosphere, and the proportion of the subject in the picture should be appropriate. Suggestions: Use tripod, shutter line, manual mode, B or T gate, exposure compensation + 0.5-1.5EV. Attention should be paid to the brightest part and the darkest part of the picture in composition, so as to avoid the disparity of brightness, and attention should be paid to reciprocity when exposing for a long time. Use wide-angle lens!
Exercise 25, 26, 27, 28, 29 and 30 subjects with red, blue, yellow, green, white and black as their main features respectively. Subject: All kinds of objects with the above colors and persons and flowers dressed in colors. Requirements: To show the distinctive characteristics of the above colors, we should grasp the three elements of color: hue, brightness and saturation. Suggestions: Pay attention to the performance of warm and cold colors, use color filters if possible, and use surround photography to experience the effect of exposure compensation on color performance. Exercise 31. The transparent subject of water: any object related to water. Requirements: While expressing water transparency, pay attention to the overall performance of the works. Suggestion: Pay attention to the light reflection on the water surface, use PL mirror, use the rotating PL mirror to find the best performance.